IOMMU/DMA API inquiry
From: Mark Hounschell
Date: Tue Feb 17 2015 - 14:48:16 EST
I've searched the Doc tree and web to no avail. I was hoping I might get
some answers to a couple of questions that have arisen as a result of
actually trying to take advantage of the IOMMU in our out of tree GPL
drivers. The AMD IOMMU in particular. I'm currently using the 3.18.x
kernel versions. Both 32 and 64 bit.
I understand that AMD IOMMU support is not available for 32-bit kernels.
I believe the INTEL IOMMU is supported there. Not knowing why, I was
curious if that is going to remain that way?
I've learned that the AMD IOMMU does not play well with the kernels
"Contiguous Memory Allocator" (CMA). I also believe, but could be
mistaken, that the INTEL IOMMU does. Again, not knowing why, I was
curious if that is going to remain that way also?
Is the fact that the AMD IOMMU is not supported on 32 bit kernels the
reason that dma_map_page always returns 0 on 32 bit kernels. I found
this strange because the dma_alloc_coherent function returns a
page_to_phys address in the dma_handle when no IOMMU is enabled. I was
sort of expecting dma_map_page to do the same. Other wise I seem to have
to KNOW if an enabled and supported IOMMU is present. How does a driver
tell if an IOMMU is present? I suspect it should not have to?
I've read the DMA-API-HOWTO.txt concerning dma_map_sg and at first I
thought that maybe dma_map_sg could be used to get around the fact that
AMD IOMMU doesn't work with CMA. But it looks as though I was mistaken
and I would actually have to do a DMA for_each_sg(sglist, sg, count, i).
Is that correct or can dma_map_sg somehow enable you to do a single DMA
using a single address for the entire sglist?
Sorry if these questions seem ignorant. It was not intentional.
Thanks for any insight.
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