Re: [PATCH v2] context_tracking: remove local_irq_save from __acct_update_integrals
From: Rik van Riel
Date: Sat Apr 25 2015 - 08:51:05 EST
On 04/25/2015 05:43 AM, Heiko Carstens wrote:
> On Fri, Apr 24, 2015 at 11:16:53AM -0400, Rik van Riel wrote:
>> V2: introduce signed_cputime_t to deal with 64 bit cputime_t on
>> 32 bit architectures, and use READ_ONCE to ensure the value
>> is always read atomically (Heiko Karstens)
> Erm, that's not what I said ;)
> READ_ONCE() only fixes the isssue that with your previous code the
> compiler was free to generate code that accesses the memory value
> several times.
Ah indeed, you are right.
>> - local_irq_save(flags);
>> time = stime + utime;
>> - dtime = time - tsk->acct_timexpd;
>> + dtime = time - READ_ONCE(tsk->acct_timexpd);
>> + /*
>> + * This code is called both from irq context and from
>> + * task context. There is a race where irq context advances
>> + * tsk->acct_timexpd to a value larger than time, creating
>> + * a negative value. In that case, the irq has already
>> + * updated the statistics.
>> + */
>> + if (unlikely((signed_cputime_t)dtime <= 0))
>> + return;
> ...the READ_ONCE() doesn't give you any guarantees about reading
> tsk->acct_timexpd in an atomic way.
> Well, actually you don't need atomic semantics, but only to make sure that
> the read access happens with a single instruction, since you want to protect
> against interrupts.
> But still: if the size of acct_timexpd is 64 bit READ_ONCE() may still result
> in two instructions on 32 bit architectures.
> (or isn't there currently no 32 bit architecture with 64 bit cputime_t left?)
Even if there is (maybe some ARM system?), can we even guarantee
that a single instruction to read 64 bits exists on such a system?
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