Re: [PATCH 0/9] mm: improve OOM mechanism v2

From: Tetsuo Handa
Date: Tue Apr 28 2015 - 11:50:50 EST

Michal Hocko wrote:
> On Tue 28-04-15 19:34:47, Tetsuo Handa wrote:
> [...]
> > [PATCH 8/9] makes the speed of allocating __GFP_FS pages extremely slow (5
> > seconds / page) because out_of_memory() serialized by the oom_lock sleeps for
> > 5 seconds before returning true when the OOM victim got stuck. This throttling
> > also slows down !__GFP_FS allocations when there is a thread doing a __GFP_FS
> > allocation, for __alloc_pages_may_oom() is serialized by the oom_lock
> > regardless of gfp_mask.
> This is indeed unnecessary.
> > How long will the OOM victim is blocked when the
> > allocating task needs to allocate e.g. 1000 !__GFP_FS pages before allowing
> > the OOM victim waiting at mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex) to continue? It will be
> > a too-long-to-wait stall which is effectively a deadlock for users. I think
> > we should not sleep with the oom_lock held.
> I do not see why sleeping with oom_lock would be a problem. It simply
> doesn't make much sense to try to trigger OOM killer when there is/are
> OOM victims still exiting.

Because thread A's memory allocation is deferred by threads B, C, D...'s memory
allocation which are holding (or waiting for) the oom_lock when the OOM victim
is waiting for thread A's allocation. I think that a memory allocator which
allocates at average 5 seconds is considered as unusable. If we sleep without
the oom_lock held, the memory allocator can allocate at average
(5 / number_of_allocating_threads) seconds. Sleeping with the oom_lock held
can effectively prevent thread A from making progress.

> > By the way, I came up with an idea (incomplete patch on top of patches up to
> > 7/9 is shown below) while trying to avoid sleeping with the oom_lock held.
> > This patch is meant for
> >
> > (1) blocking_notifier_call_chain(&oom_notify_list) is called after
> > the OOM killer is disabled in order to increase possibility of
> > memory allocation to succeed.
> How do you guarantee that the notifier doesn't wake up any process and
> break the oom_disable guarantee?

I thought oom_notify_list wakes up only kernel threads. OK, that's the reason
we don't call oom_notify_list after the OOM killer is disabled?

> > (2) oom_kill_process() can determine when to kill next OOM victim.
> >
> > (3) oom_scan_process_thread() can take TIF_MEMDIE timeout into
> > account when choosing an OOM victim.
> You have heard my opinions about this and I do not plan to repeat them
> here again.

Yes, I've heard your opinions. But neither ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS nor WMARK_OOM
is a perfect measure for avoiding deadlock. We want to solve "Without any
extra measures the above situation will result in a deadlock" problem.
When WMARK_OOM failed to avoid the deadlock, and we don't want to go to
ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS, I think somehow choosing and killing more victims is
the only possible measure. Maybe choosing next OOM victim upon reaching
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