Re: [PATCH v2 06/10] KVM: arm64: guest debug, add SW break point support

From: Alex BennÃe
Date: Wed Apr 29 2015 - 05:18:26 EST

Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@xxxxxxxxxx> writes:

> On Tue, Apr 28, 2015 at 03:37:01PM +0100, Alex BennÃe wrote:
>> Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@xxxxxxxxxx> writes:
>> > On Tue, Apr 28, 2015 at 10:34:12AM +0100, Peter Maydell wrote:
>> >> On 28 April 2015 at 09:42, Alex BennÃe <alex.bennee@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>> >> > Peter Maydell <peter.maydell@xxxxxxxxxx> writes:
>> >> >> Does the kernel already have a conveniently implemented "inject
>> >> >> exception into guest" lump of code? If so it might be less effort
>> >> >> to do it that way round, maybe.
>> >> >
>> >> > So you pointed out we can't just re-inject the exceptions we get as we
>> >> > need to map from things like ESR_ELx_EC_WATCHPT_LOW to
>> >> > ESR_ELx_EC_WATCHPT_CUR before re-injection.
>> >> >
>> >> > Of course if it is as simple as modifying the ESR_EL1 register and
>> >> > returning +ve in the handle_exit path then I can do that but I assumed
>> >> > if any other wrangling needs doing it should be done in userspace.
>> >>
>> >> Well, somebody's got to do it, and it's the same amount of work
>> >> either way (fiddling with ESR, making sure we direct the guest
>> >> to the right exception vector entry point, maybe a few other
>> >> things).
>> >>
>> > We already have code in the kernel to inject data/instruction aborts,
>> > but not sure how much benefit there is in re-using that. It's up to you
>> > really, but I think the kernel code should be clear about what the
>> > intention is so that we don't end up in a situation where: (1) The
>> > intended behavior is unclear/vague, and (2) it doesn't actually work in
>> > practice so nobody can follow the code.
>> Certainly there are some cases where the kernel doesn't have all the
>> information. For example it doesn't know if the soft break was inserted
>> by the guest or the host. That to me favours the "let userspace deal
>> with the ugly" approach.
> Not sure I follow.
> If it's an exception for the guest, then that must be because the guest
> put in the breakpoint instruction, right?

No the host can add breakpoint instructions as well. They both generate
the same (redirected) exception to the hypervisor which then has to
figure out who planted the breakpoint and where the eventual exception
will be handled.

> However, that's a separate discussion from that of *how* userspace or
> the kernel then injects an exception to the guest.
> By using some QEMU TCG functionality or by QEMU calling back into KVM
> and asking it to inject an exception for it.

I don't know if there is explicit TCG functionality to use but QEMU can
set the registers and PC up for exception entry and re-enter KVM.

> What am I missing?
> -Christoffer

Alex BennÃe
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
More majordomo info at
Please read the FAQ at