[PATCH] x86/mce: Don't clear shared banks on Intel when offlining CPUs

From: Borislav Petkov
Date: Mon Sep 28 2015 - 03:22:00 EST

From: Ashok Raj <ashok.raj@xxxxxxxxx>

It is not safe to clear global MCi_CTL banks during CPU offline or
suspend/resume operations. These MSRs are either thread-scoped (meaning
private to a thread), or core-scoped (private to threads in that core
only), or with a socket scope: visible and controllable from all threads
in the socket.

When we offline a single CPU, clearing those MCi_CTL bits will stop
signaling for all the shared, i.e., socket-wide resources, such as LLC,
iMC, etc.

In addition, it might be possible to compromise the integrity of an
Intel Secure Guard eXtentions (SGX) system if the attacker has control
of the host system and is able to inject errors which would be otherwise
ignored when MCi_CTL bits are cleared.

Hence on SGX enabled systems, if MCi_CTL is cleared, SGX gets disabled.

Reviewed-by: Tony Luck <tony.luck@xxxxxxxxx>
Tested-by: Serge Ayoun <serge.ayoun@xxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Ashok Raj <ashok.raj@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Serge Ayoun <serge.ayoun@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: linux-edac <linux-edac@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: x86-ml <x86@xxxxxxxxxx>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1441391390-16985-1-git-send-email-ashok.raj@xxxxxxxxx
[ Cleanup text. ]
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@xxxxxxx>
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce.c | 30 ++++++++++++++++++++----------
1 file changed, 20 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce.c
index 9d014b82a124..17b5ec6edcb6 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce.c
@@ -2042,7 +2042,7 @@ int __init mcheck_init(void)
* Disable machine checks on suspend and shutdown. We can't really handle
* them later.
-static int mce_disable_error_reporting(void)
+static void mce_disable_error_reporting(void)
int i;

@@ -2052,17 +2052,32 @@ static int mce_disable_error_reporting(void)
if (b->init)
wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_MCx_CTL(i), 0);
- return 0;
+ return;
+static void vendor_disable_error_reporting(void)
+ /*
+ * Don't clear on Intel CPUs. Some of these MSRs are socket-wide.
+ * Disabling them for just a single offlined CPU is bad, since it will
+ * inhibit reporting for all shared resources on the socket like the
+ * last level cache (LLC), the integrated memory controller (iMC), etc.
+ */
+ if (boot_cpu_data.x86_vendor == X86_VENDOR_INTEL)
+ return;
+ mce_disable_error_reporting();

static int mce_syscore_suspend(void)
- return mce_disable_error_reporting();
+ vendor_disable_error_reporting();
+ return 0;

static void mce_syscore_shutdown(void)
- mce_disable_error_reporting();
+ vendor_disable_error_reporting();

@@ -2342,19 +2357,14 @@ static void mce_device_remove(unsigned int cpu)
static void mce_disable_cpu(void *h)
unsigned long action = *(unsigned long *)h;
- int i;

if (!mce_available(raw_cpu_ptr(&cpu_info)))

if (!(action & CPU_TASKS_FROZEN))
- for (i = 0; i < mca_cfg.banks; i++) {
- struct mce_bank *b = &mce_banks[i];

- if (b->init)
- wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_MCx_CTL(i), 0);
- }
+ vendor_disable_error_reporting();

static void mce_reenable_cpu(void *h)

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