Re: [RFC PATCH] vfio/type1: Do not support IOMMUs that allow bypass

From: Will Deacon
Date: Thu Oct 29 2015 - 14:50:24 EST

On Thu, Oct 29, 2015 at 06:42:10PM +0000, Robin Murphy wrote:
> On 29/10/15 18:28, Will Deacon wrote:
> >On Tue, Oct 27, 2015 at 10:00:11AM -0600, Alex Williamson wrote:
> >>On Tue, 2015-10-27 at 15:40 +0000, Will Deacon wrote:
> >>>On Fri, Oct 16, 2015 at 09:51:22AM -0600, Alex Williamson wrote:
> >>>>Would it be possible to add iommu_domain_geometry support to arm-smmu.c?
> >>>>In addition to this test to verify that DMA cannot bypass the IOMMU, I'd
> >>>>eventually like to pass the aperture information out through the VFIO
> >>>>API. Thanks,
> >>>
> >>>The slight snag here is that we don't know which SMMU in the system the
> >>>domain is attached to at the point when the geometry is queried, so I
> >>>can't give you an upper bound on the aperture. For example, if there is
> >>>an SMMU with a 32-bit input address and another with a 48-bit input
> >>>address.
> >>>
> >>>We could play the same horrible games that we do with the pgsize bitmap,
> >>>and truncate some global aperture everytime we probe an SMMU device, but
> >>>I'd really like to have fewer hacks like that if possible. The root of
> >>>the problem is still that domains are allocated for a bus, rather than
> >>>an IOMMU instance.
> >>
> >>Yes, Intel VT-d has this issue as well. In theory we can have
> >>heterogeneous IOMMU hardware units (DRHDs) in a system and the upper
> >>bound of the geometry could be diminished if we add a less capable DRHD
> >>into the domain. I suspect this is more a theoretical problem than a
> >>practical one though as we're typically mixing similar DRHDs and I think
> >>we're still capable of 39-bit addressing in the least capable version
> >>per the spec.
> >>
> >>In any case, I really want to start testing geometry.force_aperture,
> >>even if we're not yet comfortable to expose the IOMMU limits to the
> >>user. The vfio type1 shouldn't be enabled at all for underlying
> >>hardware that allows DMA bypass. Thanks,
> >
> >Ok, I'll put it on my list of things to look at under the assumption that
> >the actual aperture limits don't need to be accurate as long as DMA to
> >an arbitrary unmapped address always faults.
> I'm pretty sure we'd only ever set the aperture to the full input address
> range anyway (since we're not a GART-type thing), in which case we should
> only need to worry about unmatched streams that don't hit in a domain at
> all. Doesn't the disable_bypass option already cover that? (FWIW I hacked it
> up for v2 a while back, too[0]).

Well, the "full input address range" is tricky when you have multiple SMMU
instances with different input address sizes. I can do something similar
to the pgsize_bitmap.

I also don't think the disable_bypass option is what we're after -- this
is about devices attached to a VFIO domain that can still mysteriously
bypass the SMMU for some ranges AFAIU (and shouldn't be an issue for ARM).

To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
More majordomo info at
Please read the FAQ at