[PATCH v4 0/2] mm: Introduce kernelcore=mirror option
From: Taku Izumi
Date: Fri Jan 08 2016 - 03:34:51 EST
Xeon E7 v3 based systems supports Address Range Mirroring
and UEFI BIOS complied with UEFI spec 2.5 can notify which
ranges are mirrored (reliable) via EFI memory map.
Now Linux kernel utilize its information and allocates
boot time memory from reliable region.
My requirement is:
- allocate kernel memory from mirrored region
- allocate user memory from non-mirrored region
In order to meet my requirement, ZONE_MOVABLE is useful.
By arranging non-mirrored range into ZONE_MOVABLE,
mirrored memory is used for kernel allocations.
My idea is to extend existing "kernelcore" option and
introduces kernelcore=mirror option. By specifying
"mirror" instead of specifying the amount of memory,
non-mirrored region will be arranged into ZONE_MOVABLE.
Earlier discussions are at:
For example, suppose 2-nodes system with the following memory
node 0 [mem 0x0000000000001000-0x000000109fffffff]
node 1 [mem 0x00000010a0000000-0x000000209fffffff]
and the following ranges are marked as reliable (mirrored):
If you specify kernelcore=mirror, ZONE_NORMAL and ZONE_MOVABLE
are arranged like bellow:
- node 0:
ZONE_NORMAL : [0x0000000100000000-0x00000010a0000000]
- node 1:
ZONE_NORMAL : [0x00000010a0000000-0x00000020a0000000]
In overlapped range, pages to be ZONE_MOVABLE in ZONE_NORMAL
are treated as absent pages, and vice versa.
This patchset is created against "akpm" branch of linux-next
v1 -> v2:
- Refine so that the above example case also can be
v2 -> v3:
- Change the option name from kernelcore=reliable
into kernelcore=mirror and some documentation fix
according to Andrew Morton's point
v3 -> v4:
- Fix up the case of CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE_MAP=n
(Fix boot failed of ARM machines)
- No functional change in case of CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE_MAP=y
Taku Izumi (2):
mm/page_alloc.c: calculate zone_start_pfn at
mm/page_alloc.c: introduce kernelcore=mirror option
Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt | 12 ++-
mm/page_alloc.c | 154 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
2 files changed, 148 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)