[PATCH v3 0/8] i2c mux cleanup and locking update

From: Peter Rosin
Date: Fri Jan 08 2016 - 10:05:22 EST

From: Peter Rosin <peda@xxxxxxxxxx>


[doing a v3 even if there is no "big picture" feedback yet, but
previous versions has bugs that make them harder to test than
needed, and testing is very much desired]

I have a pair of boards with this i2c topology:

GPIO ---| ------ BAT1
| v /
I2C -----+------B---+---- MUX
| \
EEPROM ------ BAT2

(B denotes the boundary between the boards)

The problem with this is that the GPIO controller sits on the same i2c bus
that it MUXes. For pca954x devices this is worked around by using unlocked
transfers when updating the MUX. I have no such luck as the GPIO is a general
purpose IO expander and the MUX is just a random bidirectional MUX, unaware
of the fact that it is muxing an i2c bus, and extending unlocked transfers
into the GPIO subsystem is too ugly to even think about. But the general hw
approach is sane in my opinion, with the number of connections between the
two boards minimized. To put is plainly, I need support for it.

So, I observe that while it is needed to have the i2c bus locked during the
actual MUX update in order to avoid random garbage on the slave side, it
is not strictly a must to have it locked over the whole sequence of a full
select-transfer-deselect operation. The MUX itself needs to be locked, so
transfers to clients behind the mux are serialized, and the MUX needs to be
stable during all i2c traffic (otherwise individual mux slave segments
might see garbage).

This series accomplishes this by adding code to i2c-mux-gpio and
i2c-mux-pinctrl that determines if all involved devices used to update the
mux are controlled by the same root i2c adapter that is muxed. When this
is the case, the select-transfer-deselect operations should be locked
individually to avoid the deadlock. The i2c bus *is* still locked
during muxing, since the muxing happens as part of i2c transfers. This
is true even if the MUX is updated with several transfers to the GPIO (at
least as long as *all* MUX changes are using the i2s master bus). A lock
is added to the mux so that transfers through the mux are serialized.

- The locking is perhaps too complex?
- I worry about the priority inheritance aspect of the adapter lock. When
the transfers behind the mux are divided into select-transfer-deselect all
locked individually, low priority transfers get more chances to interfere
with high priority transfers.
- When doing an i2c_transfer() in_atomic() context or with irqs_disabled(),
there is a higher possibility that the mux is not returned to its idle
state after a failed (-EAGAIN) transfer due to trylock.
- Is the detection of i2c-controlled gpios and pinctrls sane (i.e. the
usage of the new i2c_root_adapter() function in 8/8)?

To summarize the series, there's some i2c-mux infrastructure cleanup work
first (I think that part stands by itself as desireable regardless), the
locking changes are in the last three patches of the series, with the real
meat in 8/8.

PS. needs a bunch of testing, I do not have access to all the involved hw

Changes since v2:
- Fix devm_kfree of a NULL pointer in i2c_mux_reserve_adapters().
- Remove device tree "i2c-controlled" property and determine this by walking
the dev tree instead.
- Fix compile problems with inv_mpu_acpi.c
- Wait with adding the client pointer to patch 2/8 for pca9541 and pca954x.

Changes since v1:
- Allocate mux core and (optional) priv in a combined allocation.
- Kill dev_err messages triggered by memory allocation failure.
- Fix the device specific i2c muxes that I had overlooked.
- Rebase on top of v4.4-rc8 (was based on v4.4-rc6 previously).
- Drop the last two patches in the series.


Peter Rosin (8):
i2c-mux: add common core data for every mux instance
i2c-mux: move select and deselect ops to i2c_mux_core
i2c-mux: move the slave side adapter management to i2c_mux_core
i2c-mux: remove the mux dev pointer from the mux per channel data
i2c-mux: pinctrl: get rid of the driver private struct device pointer
i2c: allow adapter drivers to override the adapter locking
i2c: muxes always lock the parent adapter
i2c-mux: relax locking of the top i2c adapter during i2c controlled

drivers/i2c/i2c-core.c | 59 +++---
drivers/i2c/i2c-mux.c | 299 ++++++++++++++++++++++-----
drivers/i2c/muxes/i2c-arb-gpio-challenge.c | 46 ++---
drivers/i2c/muxes/i2c-mux-gpio.c | 74 ++++---
drivers/i2c/muxes/i2c-mux-pca9541.c | 58 +++---
drivers/i2c/muxes/i2c-mux-pca954x.c | 66 +++---
drivers/i2c/muxes/i2c-mux-pinctrl.c | 125 ++++++-----
drivers/i2c/muxes/i2c-mux-reg.c | 63 +++---
drivers/iio/imu/inv_mpu6050/inv_mpu_acpi.c | 2 +-
drivers/iio/imu/inv_mpu6050/inv_mpu_core.c | 34 +--
drivers/iio/imu/inv_mpu6050/inv_mpu_iio.h | 3 +-
drivers/media/dvb-frontends/m88ds3103.c | 23 ++-
drivers/media/dvb-frontends/m88ds3103_priv.h | 2 +-
drivers/media/dvb-frontends/rtl2830.c | 24 ++-
drivers/media/dvb-frontends/rtl2830_priv.h | 2 +-
drivers/media/dvb-frontends/rtl2832.c | 30 +--
drivers/media/dvb-frontends/rtl2832_priv.h | 2 +-
drivers/media/dvb-frontends/si2168.c | 29 ++-
drivers/media/dvb-frontends/si2168_priv.h | 2 +-
drivers/media/usb/cx231xx/cx231xx-core.c | 6 +-
drivers/media/usb/cx231xx/cx231xx-i2c.c | 48 ++---
drivers/media/usb/cx231xx/cx231xx.h | 4 +-
drivers/of/unittest.c | 41 ++--
include/linux/i2c-mux.h | 41 +++-
include/linux/i2c.h | 28 ++-
25 files changed, 685 insertions(+), 426 deletions(-)