Re: [RFC] regmap: clairify max_register meaning

From: Stefan Agner
Date: Mon Jan 18 2016 - 12:22:16 EST

On 2016-01-18 08:05, Mark Brown wrote:
> On Sun, Jan 17, 2016 at 10:52:56PM -0800, Stefan Agner wrote:
> Please submit one change per patch. You've mixed a change to the
> documentation with a code here and it's really unclear what either of
> them are supposed to do.

Sure, one change per patch. I interpreted this issue as "one change"
since the interpretation of the doc lead to this implementation issue...

But I see, the issue in regcache-flat.c could be a completely
independent issue.

>> Maybe I see something completely wrong here, but to me it seems
>> that the regcache-flat.c is the only code interpreting max_register
>> as register indexes rather then the maximum relative address...
> I don't think I understand what the above means, sorry. What is a
> "relative address" in the context of a register map?

My interpretation:

relative address = index * stride
absolute address = base address + relative address

For the driver at hand I was about to set max_register to (max relative
address / 4), since that matches my interpretation of index and at first
sight seem to mach what is done in regcache-flat.c (it even works fine,
at least for 4 byte registers)....

>> At least regmap.c compares with range_max, which seems to use
>> addresses.
> That's a fairly large source file, can you be more specific please?

e.g. in __regmap_init, just after the label skip_format_initialization.
(more on that see below)

>> - map->cache = kcalloc(map->max_register + 1, sizeof(unsigned int),
>> + map->cache = kzalloc(map->max_register + map->reg_stride, GFP_KERNEL);
> This isn't very obvious and appears broken for a lot of devices. It
> does two things, it converts from allocating an array of unsigned
> integers to an array of bytes and it replaces the handling of address 0
> by adding an extra element to the array with adding stride bytes on the
> end of the array. This means that for a regmap with 16 bit values and a
> stride of 1 we'll end up allocating nowhere the space we need as we'll
> only allocate one byte per register plus an extra byte at the end but
> the implementation of the flat cache is treating the cache as an array
> of unsigned ints so needs at least four bytes per register. It should
> wash out as the same thing if the stride is equal to the size of an
> unsigned int but most other cases will be broken.

I see, agreed, my code is certainly broken if strides <

> Your changelog doesn't actually say this but I think what this is trying
> to do is make the cache more memory efficient by not allocating space
> for the registers that don't exist due to striding (ie, if we have a 4
> byte stride then currently we'll allocate space for 4 times as many
> registers as actually exist). That's a reasonable goal but I don't
> immediately have a good idea for doing it bearing in mind that we are
> very performance sensitive here.

Yeah I saw a bug in that, but I see that this is actually just a not
very space efficient implementation detail.

>> - * @max_register: Optional, specifies the maximum valid register index.
>> + * @max_register: Optional, specifies the maximum valid register address.
> This is reasonable (index and address are synonyms here).

Ok, in that case I clearly interpreted index wrong.

Btw, range_min and range_max in struct regmap_range_cfg are defined as
memory addresses:
* @range_min: Address of the lowest register address in virtual range.

* @range_max: Address of the highest register in virtual range.

Will send out a patch for the documentation change only, if you think
that this is a reasonable change too?