[PATCH 3.16.y-ckt 077/142] libata: fix HDIO_GET_32BIT ioctl

From: Luis Henriques
Date: Tue Mar 22 2016 - 07:07:31 EST

3.16.7-ckt26 -stable review patch. If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@xxxxxxxx>

commit 287e6611ab1eac76c2c5ebf6e345e04c80ca9c61 upstream.

As reported by Soohoon Lee, the HDIO_GET_32BIT ioctl does not
work correctly in compat mode with libata.

I have investigated the issue further and found multiple problems
that all appeared with the same commit that originally introduced
HDIO_GET_32BIT handling in libata back in linux-2.6.8 and presumably
also linux-2.4, as the code uses "copy_to_user(arg, &val, 1)" to copy
a 'long' variable containing either 0 or 1 to user space.

The problems with this are:

* On big-endian machines, this will always write a zero because it
stores the wrong byte into user space.

* In compat mode, the upper three bytes of the variable are updated
by the compat_hdio_ioctl() function, but they now contain
uninitialized stack data.

* The hdparm tool calling this ioctl uses a 'static long' variable
to store the result. This means at least the upper bytes are
initialized to zero, but calling another ioctl like HDIO_GET_MULTCOUNT
would fill them with data that remains stale when the low byte
is overwritten. Fortunately libata doesn't implement any of the
affected ioctl commands, so this would only happen when we query
both an IDE and an ATA device in the same command such as
"hdparm -N -c /dev/hda /dev/sda"

* The libata code for unknown reasons started using ATA_IOC_GET_IO32
and ATA_IOC_SET_IO32 as aliases for HDIO_GET_32BIT and HDIO_SET_32BIT,
while the ioctl commands that were added later use the normal
HDIO_* names. This is harmless but rather confusing.

This addresses all four issues by changing the code to use put_user()
on an 'unsigned long' variable in HDIO_GET_32BIT, like the IDE subsystem
does, and by clarifying the names of the ioctl commands.

Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@xxxxxxxx>
Reported-by: Soohoon Lee <Soohoon.Lee@xxxxxx>
Tested-by: Soohoon Lee <Soohoon.Lee@xxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@xxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Luis Henriques <luis.henriques@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
drivers/ata/libata-scsi.c | 11 +++++------
include/linux/ata.h | 4 ++--
2 files changed, 7 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/ata/libata-scsi.c b/drivers/ata/libata-scsi.c
index 30af1877fcea..b87512ff6292 100644
--- a/drivers/ata/libata-scsi.c
+++ b/drivers/ata/libata-scsi.c
@@ -674,19 +674,18 @@ static int ata_ioc32(struct ata_port *ap)
int ata_sas_scsi_ioctl(struct ata_port *ap, struct scsi_device *scsidev,
int cmd, void __user *arg)
- int val = -EINVAL, rc = -EINVAL;
+ unsigned long val;
+ int rc = -EINVAL;
unsigned long flags;

switch (cmd) {
- case ATA_IOC_GET_IO32:
+ case HDIO_GET_32BIT:
spin_lock_irqsave(ap->lock, flags);
val = ata_ioc32(ap);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(ap->lock, flags);
- if (copy_to_user(arg, &val, 1))
- return -EFAULT;
- return 0;
+ return put_user(val, (unsigned long __user *)arg);

- case ATA_IOC_SET_IO32:
+ case HDIO_SET_32BIT:
val = (unsigned long) arg;
rc = 0;
spin_lock_irqsave(ap->lock, flags);
diff --git a/include/linux/ata.h b/include/linux/ata.h
index f2f4d8da97c0..f7ff6554a354 100644
--- a/include/linux/ata.h
+++ b/include/linux/ata.h
@@ -484,8 +484,8 @@ enum ata_tf_protocols {

enum ata_ioctls {
- ATA_IOC_GET_IO32 = 0x309,
- ATA_IOC_SET_IO32 = 0x324,
+ ATA_IOC_GET_IO32 = 0x309, /* HDIO_GET_32BIT */
+ ATA_IOC_SET_IO32 = 0x324, /* HDIO_SET_32BIT */

/* core structures */