[PATCH 3.16.y-ckt 018/142] tracing: Fix freak link error caused by branch tracer

From: Luis Henriques
Date: Tue Mar 22 2016 - 07:21:23 EST

3.16.7-ckt26 -stable review patch. If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@xxxxxxxx>

commit b33c8ff4431a343561e2319f17c14286f2aa52e2 upstream.

In my randconfig tests, I came across a bug that involves several

* gcc-4.9 through at least 5.3
* CONFIG_GCOV_PROFILE_ALL enabling -fprofile-arcs for all files
* CONFIG_PROFILE_ALL_BRANCHES overriding every if()
* The optimized implementation of do_div() that tries to
replace a library call with an division by multiplication
* code in drivers/media/dvb-frontends/zl10353.c doing

u32 adc_clock = 450560; /* 45.056 MHz */
if (state->config.adc_clock)
adc_clock = state->config.adc_clock;
do_div(value, adc_clock);

In this case, gcc fails to determine whether the divisor
in do_div() is __builtin_constant_p(). In particular, it
concludes that __builtin_constant_p(adc_clock) is false, while
__builtin_constant_p(!!adc_clock) is true.

That in turn throws off the logic in do_div() that also uses
__builtin_constant_p(), and instead of picking either the
constant- optimized division, and the code in ilog2() that uses
__builtin_constant_p() to figure out whether it knows the answer at
compile time. The result is a link error from failing to find
multiple symbols that should never have been called based on
the __builtin_constant_p():

dvb-frontends/zl10353.c:138: undefined reference to `____ilog2_NaN'
dvb-frontends/zl10353.c:138: undefined reference to `__aeabi_uldivmod'
ERROR: "____ilog2_NaN" [drivers/media/dvb-frontends/zl10353.ko] undefined!
ERROR: "__aeabi_uldivmod" [drivers/media/dvb-frontends/zl10353.ko] undefined!

This patch avoids the problem by changing __trace_if() to check
whether the condition is known at compile-time to be nonzero, rather
than checking whether it is actually a constant.

I see this one link error in roughly one out of 1600 randconfig builds
on ARM, and the patch fixes all known instances.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1455312410-1058841-1-git-send-email-arnd@xxxxxxxx

Acked-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@xxxxxxxxxx>
Fixes: ab3c9c686e22 ("branch tracer, intel-iommu: fix build with CONFIG_BRANCH_TRACER=y")
Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@xxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@xxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Luis Henriques <luis.henriques@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
include/linux/compiler.h | 2 +-
1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/compiler.h b/include/linux/compiler.h
index da293bf86575..8f6e7b2d667f 100644
--- a/include/linux/compiler.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler.h
@@ -138,7 +138,7 @@ void ftrace_likely_update(struct ftrace_branch_data *f, int val, int expect);
#define if(cond, ...) __trace_if( (cond , ## __VA_ARGS__) )
#define __trace_if(cond) \
- if (__builtin_constant_p((cond)) ? !!(cond) : \
+ if (__builtin_constant_p(!!(cond)) ? !!(cond) : \
({ \
int ______r; \
static struct ftrace_branch_data \