Re: [PATCH 1/2] arm64: mem-model: add flatmem model for arm64

From: Chen Feng
Date: Tue Apr 19 2016 - 23:20:04 EST

Hi Catalin,

Thanks for your reply.
On 2016/4/12 22:59, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> On Mon, Apr 11, 2016 at 12:31:53PM +0200, Ard Biesheuvel wrote:
>> On 11 April 2016 at 11:59, Chen Feng <puck.chen@xxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>>> On 2016/4/11 16:00, Ard Biesheuvel wrote:
>>>> On 11 April 2016 at 09:55, Chen Feng <puck.chen@xxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>>>>> On 2016/4/11 15:35, Ard Biesheuvel wrote:
>>>>>> On 11 April 2016 at 04:49, Chen Feng <puck.chen@xxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>>>>>>> 0 1.5G 2G 3.5G 4G
>>>>>>> | | | | |
>>>>>>> +--------------+------+---------------+--------------+
>>>>>>> | MEM | hole | MEM | IO (regs) |
>>>>>>> +--------------+------+---------------+--------------+
>>>>> The hole in 1.5G ~ 2G is also allocated mem-map array. And also with the 3.5G ~ 4G.
>>>> No, it is not. It may be covered by a section, but that does not mean
>>>> sparsemem vmemmap will actually allocate backing for it. The
>>>> granularity used by sparsemem vmemmap on a 4k pages kernel is 128 MB,
>>>> due to the fact that the backing is performed at PMD granularity.
>>>> Please, could you share the contents of the vmemmap section in
>>>> /sys/kernel/debug/kernel_page_tables of your system running with
>>>> sparsemem vmemmap enabled? You will need to set CONFIG_ARM64_PTDUMP=y
>>> Please see the pg-tables below.
>>> With sparse and vmemmap enable.
>>> ---[ vmemmap start ]---
>>> 0xffffffbdc0200000-0xffffffbdc4800000 70M RW NX SHD AF UXN MEM/NORMAL
>>> ---[ vmemmap end ]---
> [...]
>>> The board is 4GB, and the memap is 70MB
>>> 1G memory --- 14MB mem_map array.
>> No, this is incorrect. 1 GB corresponds with 16 MB worth of struct
>> pages assuming sizeof(struct page) == 64
>> So you are losing 6 MB to rounding here, which I agree is significant.
>> I wonder if it makes sense to use a lower value for SECTION_SIZE_BITS
>> on 4k pages kernels, but perhaps we're better off asking the opinion
>> of the other cc'ees.
> IIRC, SECTION_SIZE_BITS was chosen to be the maximum sane value we were
> thinking of at the time, assuming that 1GB RAM alignment to be fairly
> normal. For the !SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP case, we should probably be fine with
> 29 but, as Will said, we need to be careful with the page flags. At a
> quick look, we have 25 page flags, 2 bits per zone, NUMA nodes and (48 -
> section_size_bits) for the section width. We also need to take into
> account 4 more bits for 52-bit PA support (ARMv8.2). So, without NUMA
> nodes, we are currently at 49 bits used in page->flags.
> For the SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP case, we can decrease the SECTION_SIZE_BITS in
> the MAX_ORDER limit.
> An alternative would be to free the vmemmap holes later (but still keep
> the vmemmap mapping alias). Yet another option would be to change the
> sparse_mem_map_populate() logic get the actual section end rather than
> always assuming PAGES_PER_SECTION. But I don't think any of these are
> worth if we can safely reduce SECTION_SIZE_BITS.
currently,it's safely to reduce the SECTION_SIZE_BITS to match this issue
very well.

As I mentioned before, if the memory layout is not like this scene. There
will be not suitable to reduce the SECTION_SIZE_BITS.

We have 4G memory, and 64GB phys address.

There will be a lot of holes in the memory layout.
And the *holes size are not always the same*.

So,it's the reason I want to enable flat-mem in ARM64-ARCH. Why not makes
the flat-mem an optional setting for arm64ï