RE: Purpose of pci_remap_iospace
From: Bharat Kumar Gogada
Date: Tue Jul 12 2016 - 04:41:06 EST
> Subject: Re: Purpose of pci_remap_iospace
> On Tuesday, July 12, 2016 6:57:10 AM CEST Bharat Kumar Gogada wrote:
> > Hi,
> > I have a query.
> > Can any once explain the purpose of pci_remap_iospace function in root
> port driver.
> > What is its dependency with architecture ?
> > Here is my understanding, the above API takes PCIe IO resource and its
> > to be mapped CPU address from ranges property and remaps into virtual
> address space.
> > So my question is who uses this virtual addresses ?
> The inb()/outb() functions declared in asm/io.h
> > When End Point requests for IO BARs doesn't it get from the above
> > resource range (first parameter of API) and do ioremap to access this
> > region ?
> Device drivers generally do not ioremap() the I/O BARs but they use
> inb()/outb() directly. They can also call pci_iomap() and do
> ioread8()/iowrite8() on the pointer returned from that function, but
> generally the call to pci_iomap() then returns a pointer into the virtual
> address that is already mapped.
> > But why root complex driver is mapping this address region ?
> The PCI core does not know that the I/O space is memory mapped.
> On x86 and a few others, I/O space is not memory mapped but requires the
> use of special CPU instructions.
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