Re: [PATCH] mm: migrate: Use bool instead of int for the return value of PageMovable
From: Chen Gang
Date: Sat Jul 16 2016 - 20:50:31 EST
On 7/13/16 15:53, Michal Hocko wrote:
> On Wed 13-07-16 00:50:12, Chen Gang wrote:
>> On 7/12/16 15:48, Michal Hocko wrote:
>>> On Tue 12-07-16 03:47:42, Chen Gang wrote:
>>>> In our case, the 2 output size are same, but under x86_64, the insns are
>>>> different. After uses bool, it uses push/pop instead of branch, for me,
>>>> it should be a little better for catching.
>>> The code generated for bool version looks much worse. Look at the fast
>>> path. Gcc tries to reuse the retq from the fast path in the bool case
>>> and so it has to push rbp and rbx on the stack.
>>> That being said, gcc doesn't seem to generate a better code for bool so
>>> I do not think this is really worth it.
>> The code below also merge 3 statements into 1 return statement, although
>> for me, it is a little more readable, it will generate a little bad code.
>> That is the reason why the output looks a little bad.
>> In our case, for gcc 6.0, using bool instead of int for bool function
>> will get the same output under x86_64.
> If the output is same then there is no reason to change it.
For the new version gcc, the output is same. But bool is a little more
readable than int for the pure bool function.
But for the current widely used gcc version (I guess, gcc-4.8 is still
widely used), bool will get a little better output than int for the pure
>> In our case, for gcc 4.8, using bool instead of int for bool function
>> will get a little better output under x86_64.
> I had a different impression and the fast path code had more
> instructions. But anyway, is there really a strong reason to change
> those return values in the first place? Isn't that just a pointless code
Excuse me, maybe, I do not quite understand your meanings, but I shall
try to explain as far as I can understand (welcome additional detail
explanation, e.g. "return values" means c code or assembly output code).
In the previous reply, I did not mention 3 things directly and clearly
(about my 2 mistakes, and the comparation between gcc 6.0 and 4.8):
- Mistake 1: "Use one return statement instead of several statements"
is not good, the modification may be a little more readable, but it
may get a little bad output code by compiler.
- Mistake 2: I only notice there is more branches, but did not notice
the real execution path (I guess, your "fast path" is about it).
- The optimization of upstream gcc 6.0 is better than redhat gcc 4.8:
in this case, gcc 6.0 will:
generate the same better code for both bool and int for the pure
optimize the first checking branch (no prologue) -- gcc 4.8 need
mark 'likely' for it.
skip the 'likely' optimization when "use 1 return statement instead
of several statements" -- generation a little bad code too.
All together, for me:
- Only use bool instead of int for pure bool functions' return value
will get a little better code
- I shall send patch v2, only change bool to int for all Page_XXX, and
keep all the other things no touch.
Chen Gang (éå)
Managing Natural Environments is the Duty of Human Beings.