[PATCH 1/2] mm: add per-zone lru list stat

From: Minchan Kim
Date: Tue Jul 19 2016 - 11:50:51 EST

While I did stress test with hackbench, I got OOM message frequently
which didn't ever happen in zone-lru.

gfp_mask=0x26004c0(GFP_KERNEL|__GFP_REPEAT|__GFP_NOTRACK), order=0
[<c71a76e2>] __alloc_pages_nodemask+0xe52/0xe60
[<c71f31dc>] ? new_slab+0x39c/0x3b0
[<c71f31dc>] new_slab+0x39c/0x3b0
[<c71f4eca>] ___slab_alloc.constprop.87+0x6da/0x840
[<c763e6fc>] ? __alloc_skb+0x3c/0x260
[<c777e127>] ? _raw_spin_unlock_irq+0x27/0x60
[<c70cebfc>] ? trace_hardirqs_on_caller+0xec/0x1b0
[<c70a1506>] ? finish_task_switch+0xa6/0x220
[<c7219ee0>] ? poll_select_copy_remaining+0x140/0x140
[<c7201645>] __slab_alloc.isra.81.constprop.86+0x40/0x6d
[<c763e6fc>] ? __alloc_skb+0x3c/0x260
[<c71f525c>] kmem_cache_alloc+0x22c/0x260
[<c763e6fc>] ? __alloc_skb+0x3c/0x260
[<c763e6fc>] __alloc_skb+0x3c/0x260
[<c763eece>] alloc_skb_with_frags+0x4e/0x1a0
[<c7638d6a>] sock_alloc_send_pskb+0x16a/0x1b0
[<c770b581>] ? wait_for_unix_gc+0x31/0x90
[<c71cfb1d>] ? alloc_set_pte+0x2ad/0x310
[<c77084dd>] unix_stream_sendmsg+0x28d/0x340
[<c7634dad>] sock_sendmsg+0x2d/0x40
[<c7634e2c>] sock_write_iter+0x6c/0xc0
[<c7204a90>] __vfs_write+0xc0/0x120
[<c72053ab>] vfs_write+0x9b/0x1a0
[<c71cc4a9>] ? __might_fault+0x49/0xa0
[<c72062c4>] SyS_write+0x44/0x90
[<c70036c6>] do_fast_syscall_32+0xa6/0x1e0
[<c777ea2c>] sysenter_past_esp+0x45/0x74

active_anon:104698 inactive_anon:105791 isolated_anon:192
active_file:433 inactive_file:283 isolated_file:22
unevictable:0 dirty:0 writeback:296 unstable:0
slab_reclaimable:6389 slab_unreclaimable:78927
mapped:474 shmem:0 pagetables:101426 bounce:0
free:10518 free_pcp:334 free_cma:0
Node 0 active_anon:418792kB inactive_anon:423164kB active_file:1732kB inactive_file:1132kB unevictable:0kB isolated(anon):768kB isolated(file):88kB mapped:1896kB dirty:0kB writeback:1184kB shmem:0kB writeback_tmp:0kB unstable:0kB pages_scanned:1478632 all_unreclaimable? yes
DMA free:3304kB min:68kB low:84kB high:100kB present:15992kB managed:15916kB mlocked:0kB slab_reclaimable:0kB slab_unreclaimable:4088kB kernel_stack:0kB pagetables:2480kB bounce:0kB free_pcp:0kB local_pcp:0kB free_cma:0kB
lowmem_reserve[]: 0 809 1965 1965
Normal free:3436kB min:3604kB low:4504kB high:5404kB present:897016kB managed:858460kB mlocked:0kB slab_reclaimable:25556kB slab_unreclaimable:311712kB kernel_stack:164608kB pagetables:30844kB bounce:0kB free_pcp:620kB local_pcp:104kB free_cma:0kB
lowmem_reserve[]: 0 0 9247 9247
HighMem free:33808kB min:512kB low:1796kB high:3080kB present:1183736kB managed:1183736kB mlocked:0kB slab_reclaimable:0kB slab_unreclaimable:0kB kernel_stack:0kB pagetables:372252kB bounce:0kB free_pcp:428kB local_pcp:72kB free_cma:0kB
lowmem_reserve[]: 0 0 0 0
DMA: 2*4kB (UM) 2*8kB (UM) 0*16kB 1*32kB (U) 1*64kB (U) 2*128kB (UM) 1*256kB (U) 1*512kB (M) 0*1024kB 1*2048kB (U) 0*4096kB = 3192kB
Normal: 33*4kB (MH) 79*8kB (ME) 11*16kB (M) 4*32kB (M) 2*64kB (ME) 2*128kB (EH) 7*256kB (EH) 0*512kB 0*1024kB 0*2048kB 0*4096kB = 3244kB
HighMem: 2590*4kB (UM) 1568*8kB (UM) 491*16kB (UM) 60*32kB (UM) 6*64kB (M) 0*128kB 0*256kB 0*512kB 0*1024kB 0*2048kB 0*4096kB = 33064kB
Node 0 hugepages_total=0 hugepages_free=0 hugepages_surp=0 hugepages_size=2048kB
25121 total pagecache pages
24160 pages in swap cache
Swap cache stats: add 86371, delete 62211, find 42865/60187
Free swap = 4015560kB
Total swap = 4192252kB
524186 pages RAM
295934 pages HighMem/MovableOnly
9658 pages reserved
0 pages cma reserved

The order-0 allocation for normal zone failed while there are a lot of
reclaimable memory(i.e., anonymous memory with free swap). I wanted to
analyze the problem but it was hard because we removed per-zone lru stat
so I couldn't know how many of anonymous memory there are in normal/dma

When we investigate OOM problem, reclaimable memory count is crucial stat
to find a problem. Without it, it's hard to parse the OOM message so I
believe we should keep it.

With per-zone lru stat,

gfp_mask=0x26004c0(GFP_KERNEL|__GFP_REPEAT|__GFP_NOTRACK), order=0
active_anon:101103 inactive_anon:102219 isolated_anon:0
active_file:503 inactive_file:544 isolated_file:0
unevictable:0 dirty:0 writeback:34 unstable:0
slab_reclaimable:6298 slab_unreclaimable:74669
mapped:863 shmem:0 pagetables:100998 bounce:0
free:23573 free_pcp:1861 free_cma:0
Node 0 active_anon:404412kB inactive_anon:409040kB active_file:2012kB inactive_file:2176kB unevictable:0kB isolated(anon):0kB isolated(file):0kB mapped:3452kB dirty:0kB writeback:136kB shmem:0kB writeback_tmp:0kB unstable:0kB pages_scanned:1320845 all_unreclaimable? yes
DMA free:3296kB min:68kB low:84kB high:100kB active_anon:5540kB inactive_anon:0kB active_file:0kB inactive_file:0kB present:15992kB managed:15916kB mlocked:0kB slab_reclaimable:248kB slab_unreclaimable:2628kB kernel_stack:792kB pagetables:2316kB bounce:0kB free_pcp:0kB local_pcp:0kB free_cma:0kB
lowmem_reserve[]: 0 809 1965 1965
Normal free:3600kB min:3604kB low:4504kB high:5404kB active_anon:86304kB inactive_anon:0kB active_file:160kB inactive_file:376kB present:897016kB managed:858524kB mlocked:0kB slab_reclaimable:24944kB slab_unreclaimable:296048kB kernel_stack:163832kB pagetables:35892kB bounce:0kB free_pcp:3076kB local_pcp:656kB free_cma:0kB
lowmem_reserve[]: 0 0 9247 9247
HighMem free:86156kB min:512kB low:1796kB high:3080kB active_anon:312852kB inactive_anon:410024kB active_file:1924kB inactive_file:2012kB present:1183736kB managed:1183736kB mlocked:0kB slab_reclaimable:0kB slab_unreclaimable:0kB kernel_stack:0kB pagetables:365784kB bounce:0kB free_pcp:3868kB local_pcp:720kB free_cma:0kB
lowmem_reserve[]: 0 0 0 0
DMA: 8*4kB (UM) 8*8kB (UM) 4*16kB (M) 2*32kB (UM) 2*64kB (UM) 1*128kB (M) 3*256kB (UME) 2*512kB (UE) 1*1024kB (E) 0*2048kB 0*4096kB = 3296kB
Normal: 240*4kB (UME) 160*8kB (UME) 23*16kB (ME) 3*32kB (UE) 3*64kB (UME) 2*128kB (ME) 1*256kB (U) 0*512kB 0*1024kB 0*2048kB 0*4096kB = 3408kB
HighMem: 10942*4kB (UM) 3102*8kB (UM) 866*16kB (UM) 76*32kB (UM) 11*64kB (UM) 4*128kB (UM) 1*256kB (M) 0*512kB 0*1024kB 0*2048kB 0*4096kB = 86344kB
Node 0 hugepages_total=0 hugepages_free=0 hugepages_surp=0 hugepages_size=2048kB
54409 total pagecache pages
53215 pages in swap cache
Swap cache stats: add 300982, delete 247765, find 157978/226539
Free swap = 3803244kB
Total swap = 4192252kB
524186 pages RAM
295934 pages HighMem/MovableOnly
9642 pages reserved
0 pages cma reserved

With that, we can see normal zone has a 86M reclaimable memory so we can
know something goes wrong(I will fix the problem in next patch) in reclaim.

Of course, with restored per-zone lru stat, we can revert approximation
[1] did but intentionally, I don't touch it now and will do after getting

[1] mm, vmstat: remove zone and node double accounting by approximating retries

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@xxxxxxxxxx>
include/linux/mm_inline.h | 2 ++
include/linux/mmzone.h | 5 +++++
mm/page_alloc.c | 8 ++++++++
mm/vmstat.c | 4 ++++
4 files changed, 19 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/linux/mm_inline.h b/include/linux/mm_inline.h
index bcc4ed0..9cc130f 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm_inline.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm_inline.h
@@ -45,6 +45,8 @@ static __always_inline void __update_lru_size(struct lruvec *lruvec,
struct pglist_data *pgdat = lruvec_pgdat(lruvec);

__mod_node_page_state(pgdat, NR_LRU_BASE + lru, nr_pages);
+ __mod_zone_page_state(&pgdat->node_zones[zid],
+ NR_ZONE_LRU_BASE + lru, nr_pages);
acct_highmem_file_pages(zid, lru, nr_pages);

diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
index e6aca07..bbba91c 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
@@ -110,6 +110,11 @@ struct zone_padding {
enum zone_stat_item {
/* First 128 byte cacheline (assuming 64 bit words) */
+ NR_ZONE_LRU_BASE, /* Used only for compaction and reclaim retry */
NR_MLOCK, /* mlock()ed pages found and moved off LRU */
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index 830ad49..1947dc5 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -4388,6 +4388,10 @@ void show_free_areas(unsigned int filter)
" min:%lukB"
" low:%lukB"
" high:%lukB"
+ " active_anon:%lukB"
+ " inactive_anon:%lukB"
+ " active_file:%lukB"
+ " inactive_file:%lukB"
" present:%lukB"
" managed:%lukB"
" mlocked:%lukB"
@@ -4405,6 +4409,10 @@ void show_free_areas(unsigned int filter)
+ K(zone_page_state(zone, NR_ZONE_ACTIVE_ANON)),
+ K(zone_page_state(zone, NR_ZONE_INACTIVE_ANON)),
+ K(zone_page_state(zone, NR_ZONE_ACTIVE_FILE)),
+ K(zone_page_state(zone, NR_ZONE_INACTIVE_FILE)),
K(zone_page_state(zone, NR_MLOCK)),
diff --git a/mm/vmstat.c b/mm/vmstat.c
index 91ecca9..b263484 100644
--- a/mm/vmstat.c
+++ b/mm/vmstat.c
@@ -921,6 +921,10 @@ int fragmentation_index(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order)
const char * const vmstat_text[] = {
/* enum zone_stat_item countes */
+ "nr_inactive_anon",
+ "nr_active_anon",
+ "nr_inactive_file",
+ "nr_active_file",