Before merging a bio into an existing request, io scheduler is called to
get its approval first. However, the requests that come from a plug
flush may get merged by block layer without consulting with io
In case of CFQ, this can cause fairness problems. For instance, if a
request gets merged into a low weight cgroup's request, high weight cgroup
now will depend on low weight cgroup to get scheduled. If high weigt cgroup
needs that io request to complete before submitting more requests, then it
will also lose its timeslice.
Following script demonstrates the problem. Group g1 has a low weight, g2
and g3 have equal high weights but g2's requests are adjacent to g1's
requests so they are subject to merging. Due to these merges, g2 gets
poor disk time allocation.