Re: [PATCH 04/32] x86/intel_rdt: Add L3 cache capacity bitmask management

From: Marcelo Tosatti
Date: Mon Jul 25 2016 - 22:13:13 EST

On Fri, Jul 22, 2016 at 02:43:23PM -0700, Luck, Tony wrote:
> On Fri, Jul 22, 2016 at 04:12:04AM -0300, Marcelo Tosatti wrote:
> > How does this patchset handle the following condition:
> >
> > 6) Create reservations in such a way that the sum is larger than
> > total amount of cache, and CPU pinning (example from Karen Noel):
> >
> > VM-1 on socket-1 with 80% of reservation.
> > VM-2 on socket-2 with 80% of reservation.
> > VM-1 pinned to socket-1.
> > VM-2 pinned to socket-2.
> That's legal, but perhaps we need a description of
> overlapping cache reservations.
> Hardware tells you how finely you can divide the cache (and this
> information is shown in /sys/fs/resctrl/info/l3/max_cbm_len to save
> you from digging in CPUID leaves). E.g. on Broadwell the value is
> 20, so you can control cache allocations in 5% slices.
> A bitmask defines which slices you can use (and h/w has the restriction
> that you must have contiguous '1' bits in any mask). So you can pick
> your 80% using 0x0ffff, 0x1fffe, 0x3fffc, 0x7fff8 or 0xffff0.
> There is no requirement that masks be exclusive of each other. So
> you might pick the two extremes: 0x0ffff and 0xffff0 for your two
> VM's in this example. Each would be allowed to allocate up to 80%,
> but with a big overlap in the middle. Each has 20% exclusive, but
> there is a 60% range in the middle that they would compete for.

This are different sockets, so there is no competing/sharing of L3 cache
here: the question is about whether the interface allows the
user to specify that 80/80 reservation without complaining:
because the VM's are pinned, they will never actually
share the same L3 cache.

(haven't finished reading the patchset to be certain).

> Is this specific case useful? Possibly not. I think the more common
> overlap cases might be between processes that you know have shared
> code/data. Also the case where some rdtgroup has access to allocate
> in the entire cache (mask 0xfffff on Broadwell) and some other
> rdtgroups
> have limited cache allocation with less bits in the mask.
> -Tony

All you have to do is to build the bitmask for a given processor
from the union of the tasks which have been scheduled on that