[RFC 0/7] pstore: Improve performance of ftrace backend with ramoops
From: Joel Fernandes
Date: Sat Oct 08 2016 - 01:29:06 EST
Here's an early RFC for a patch series on improving ftrace throughput with
ramoops. I am hoping to get some early comments so I'm releasing it in advance.
It is functional and tested.
Currently ramoops uses a single zone to store function traces. To make this
work, it has to uses locking to synchronize accesses to the buffers. Recently
the synchronization was completely moved from a cmpxchg mechanism to raw
spinlocks due to difficulties in using cmpxchg on uncached memory and also on
RAMs behind PCIe.  This change further dropped the peformance of ramoops
pstore backend by more than half in my tests.
This patch series improves the situation dramatically by around 280% from what
it is now by creating a ramoops persistent zone for each CPU and avoiding use of
locking altogether for ftrace. At init time, the persistent zones are then
Here are some tests to show the improvements. Tested using a qemu quad core
x86_64 instance with -mem-path to persist the guest RAM to a file. I measured
avergage throughput of dd over 30 seconds:
dd if=/dev/zero | pv | dd of=/dev/null
Without this patch series: 24MB/s
With per-cpu buffers and counter increment: 91.5 MB/s (improvement by ~ 281%)
with per-cpu buffers and trace_clock: 51.9 MB/s
Some more considerations:
1. Inorder to do the merge of the individual buffers, I am using racy counters
since I didn't want to sacrifice throughput for perfect time stamps.
trace_clock() for timestamps although did the job but was almost half the
throughput of using counter based timestamp.
2. Since the patches divide the available ftrace persistent space by the number
of CPUs, lesser space will now be available per-CPU however the user is free to
disable per CPU behavior and revert to the old behavior by specifying
PSTORE_PER_CPU flag. Its a space vs performance trade-off so if user has
enough space and not a lot of CPUs, then using per-CPU persistent buffers make
sense for better performance.
3. Without using any counters or timestamps, the improvement is even more
(~140MB/s) but the buffers cannot be merged.
Joel Fernandes (7):
pstore: Make spinlock per zone instead of global
pstore: locking: dont lock unless caller asks to
pstore: Remove case of PSTORE_TYPE_PMSG write using deprecated
pstore: Make ramoops_init_przs generic for other prz arrays
ramoops: Split ftrace buffer space into per-CPU zones
pstore: Add support to store timestamp counter in ftrace records
pstore: Merge per-CPU ftrace zones into one zone for output
fs/pstore/ftrace.c | 3 +
fs/pstore/inode.c | 7 +-
fs/pstore/internal.h | 34 -------
fs/pstore/ram.c | 234 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------
fs/pstore/ram_core.c | 30 +++---
include/linux/pstore.h | 69 +++++++++++++
include/linux/pstore_ram.h | 6 +-
7 files changed, 280 insertions(+), 103 deletions(-)