Re: [PATCH] kexec: Export memory sections virtual addresses to vmcoreinfo
From: Baoquan He
Date: Tue Oct 11 2016 - 20:26:49 EST
On 10/11/16 at 04:19pm, Dave Young wrote:
> On 10/11/16 at 03:41pm, Baoquan He wrote:
> > Hi Eric,
> > Thanks a lot for your reviewing! Sorry for late reply.
> > On 10/06/16 at 03:07pm, Eric W. Biederman wrote:
> > > Baoquan He <bhe@xxxxxxxxxx> writes:
> > >
> > > > KASLR memory randomization can randomize the base of the physical memory
> > > > mapping (PAGE_OFFSET), vmalloc (VMALLOC_START) and vmemmap
> > > > (VMEMMAP_START). These need be exported to VMCOREINFO so that user space
> > > > utility, mainly makedumpfile can use them to identify the base of each
> > > > memory section. Here using VMCOREINFO_NUMBER we can reuse the existing
> > > > struct number_table in makedumpfile to import data easily.
> > > >
> > > > Since they are related to x86_64 only, put them into
> > > > arch_crash_save_vmcoreinfo. And move the exportion of KERNEL_IMAGE_SIZE
> > > > together since it's also for x86_64 only.
> > >
> > > *Scratches my head* I would have thought this information would have
> > > better fit in the ELF header. Where it actually has a field for virtual
> > > address. It also has a field for physical address, and a third field
> > > for offset in the file (which is where the kdump finds these things in
> > > memory aftewards).
> > >
> > > Why do we need need more magic vmcoreinfo to handle this?
> > Previously in x86_64, values of PAGE_OFFSET, VMALLOC and VMEMMAP are
> > fixed, makedumpfile also hard codes them.
> > In kexec-tools, we try to get page_offset_base from /proc/kallsyms or
> > search it from /proc/kcore elf header with the help of virtual address
> > of symbol _stext. Then we save it into p_vaddr of kernel text program
> > segment. In kdump kernel, we may assume kernel text has the biggest
> > starting virtual address and search it from vmcore elf header. But I
> > can't think of a way to get the starting virtual address of vmalloc and
> > vmemmap which are necessary for makedumpfile analysis.
> > So it's necessary to add them into VMCOREINFO to let makedumpfile know.
> PAGE_OFFSET can be get via vaddr - paddr from elf pt_loads so only
> VMALLOC_BASE and VMEMMAP_BASE is necessary..
Well, yes, I was wrong. I wrongly thought of kernel text virtual address
when I wrote the reply.
So for PAGE_OFFSET we can exclude PT_NOTE and kernel text and calculate
PAGE_OFFSET via vaddr - paddr from crash memory program headers. Surely
exporting is easier.