Re: [PATCH 01/14] x86/cqm: Intel Resource Monitoring Documentation

From: Shivappa Vikas
Date: Wed Dec 28 2016 - 15:09:06 EST

On Tue, 27 Dec 2016, David Carrillo-Cisneros wrote:

On Tue, Dec 27, 2016 at 3:10 PM, Andi Kleen <andi@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
On Tue, Dec 27, 2016 at 01:33:46PM -0800, David Carrillo-Cisneros wrote:
When using one intel_cmt/llc_occupancy/ cgroup perf_event in one CPU, the
avg time to do __perf_event_task_sched_out + __perf_event_task_sched_in is

most of the time is spend in cgroup ctx switch (~1120ns) .

When using continuous monitoring in CQM driver, the avg time to
find the rmid to write inside of pqr_context switch is ~16ns

Note that this excludes the MSR write. It's only the overhead of
finding the RMID
to write in PQR_ASSOC. Both paths call the same routine to find the
RMID, so there are
about 1100 ns of overhead in perf_cgroup_switch. By inspection I assume most
of it comes from iterating over the pmu list.

Do Kan's pmu list patches help?

I think these are independent problems. Kan's patches aim to reduce the overhead
of multiples events in the same task context. The overhead numbers I posted
measure only _one_ event in the cpu's context.

Or is there some other overhead other than the MSR write
you're concerned about?

No, that problem is solved with the PQR software cache introduced in the series.

So it's already fixed?

Sort of, with PQR sw cache there is only one write to MSR and is only
when either the
RMID or the CLOSID actually changes.

How much is the cost with your cache?

If there is no change on CLOSID or RMID, the hook and comparison takes
about 60 ns.
If there is a change, the write to the MSR + other overhead is about
610 ns (dominated by the MSR write).

We measured the MSR read and write we measured were close to 250 - 300 cycles. The issue was even the read was as costly which is why the caching helps as it avoids all reads. The grouping of RMIds using cgroup and
multiple events etc helps the cache because it increases the hit probability.

Perhaps some optimization could be done in the code to make it faster,
then the new interface wouldn't be needed.

There are some. One in my list is to create a list of pmus with at
least one cgroup event
and use it to iterate over in perf_cgroup_switch, instead of using the
"pmus" list.
The pmus list has grown a lot recently with the addition of all the uncore pmus.

Kan's patches above already do that I believe.

see previous answer.

Despite this optimization, it's unlikely that the whole sched_out +
sched_in gets that
close to the 15 ns of the non perf_event approach.

It would be good to see how close we can get. I assume
there is more potential for optimizations and fast pathing.

I will work on the optimization I described earlier that avoids iterating
over all pmus on the cgroup switch. That should take the bulk of the
overhead, but still more work will probably be needed to get close to the
15ns overhead.

This seems best option as its more generic so we really dont need our event specific change and adding a file interface which wasnt liked by Peterz/Andi anyways.
Will remove/clean up the continuos monitoring parts and resend the series.