Re: [RFC PATCH v4 01/28] x86: Documentation for AMD Secure Memory Encryption (SME)
From: Tom Lendacky
Date: Thu Feb 16 2017 - 14:48:27 EST
On 02/16/2017 11:56 AM, Borislav Petkov wrote:
> Ok, this time detailed review :-)
> On Thu, Feb 16, 2017 at 09:42:11AM -0600, Tom Lendacky wrote:
>> This patch adds a Documenation entry to decribe the AMD Secure Memory
>> Encryption (SME) feature.
> Please introduce a spellchecker into your patch creation workflow. I see
> two typos in one line.
> Also, never start patch commit messages with "This patch" - we know it
> is this patch. Always write a doer-sentences explaining the why, not the
> what. Something like:
> "Add a SME and mem_encrypt= kernel parameter documentation."
> for example.
Ok, will do.
>> Signed-off-by: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@xxxxxxx>
>> Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 11 ++++
>> Documentation/x86/amd-memory-encryption.txt | 57 +++++++++++++++++++++++
>> 2 files changed, 68 insertions(+)
>> create mode 100644 Documentation/x86/amd-memory-encryption.txt
>> diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
>> index 110745e..91c40fa 100644
>> --- a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
>> +++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
>> @@ -2145,6 +2145,17 @@
>> memory contents and reserves bad memory
>> regions that are detected.
>> + mem_encrypt= [X86-64] AMD Secure Memory Encryption (SME) control
>> + Valid arguments: on, off
>> + Default (depends on kernel configuration option):
>> + on (CONFIG_AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT_ACTIVE_BY_DEFAULT=y)
>> + off (CONFIG_AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT_ACTIVE_BY_DEFAULT=n)
>> + mem_encrypt=on: Activate SME
>> + mem_encrypt=off: Do not activate SME
>> + Refer to the SME documentation for details on when
> "Refer to Documentation/x86/amd-memory-encryption.txt .."
>> + memory encryption can be activated.
>> mem_sleep_default= [SUSPEND] Default system suspend mode:
>> s2idle - Suspend-To-Idle
>> shallow - Power-On Suspend or equivalent (if supported)
>> diff --git a/Documentation/x86/amd-memory-encryption.txt b/Documentation/x86/amd-memory-encryption.txt
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 0000000..0938e89
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/Documentation/x86/amd-memory-encryption.txt
>> @@ -0,0 +1,57 @@
>> +Secure Memory Encryption (SME) is a feature found on AMD processors.
>> +SME provides the ability to mark individual pages of memory as encrypted using
>> +the standard x86 page tables. A page that is marked encrypted will be
>> +automatically decrypted when read from DRAM and encrypted when written to
>> +DRAM. SME can therefore be used to protect the contents of DRAM from physical
>> +attacks on the system.
>> +A page is encrypted when a page table entry has the encryption bit set (see
>> +below how to determine the position of the bit). The encryption bit can be
> "... how to determine its position)."
>> +specified in the cr3 register, allowing the PGD table to be encrypted. Each
>> +successive level of page tables can also be encrypted.
>> +Support for SME can be determined through the CPUID instruction. The CPUID
>> +function 0x8000001f reports information related to SME:
>> + 0x8000001f[eax]:
>> + Bit indicates support for SME
>> + 0x8000001f[ebx]:
>> + Bit[5:0] pagetable bit number used to activate memory
>> + encryption
>> + Bit[11:6] reduction in physical address space, in bits, when
>> + memory encryption is enabled (this only affects system
>> + physical addresses, not guest physical addresses)
>> +If support for SME is present, MSR 0xc00100010 (SYS_CFG) can be used to
> Let's use the kernel's define name MSR_K8_SYSCFG to avoid ambiguity.
>> +determine if SME is enabled and/or to enable memory encryption:
>> + 0xc0010010:
>> + Bit 0 = memory encryption features are disabled
>> + 1 = memory encryption features are enabled
>> +Linux relies on BIOS to set this bit if BIOS has determined that the reduction
>> +in the physical address space as a result of enabling memory encryption (see
>> +CPUID information above) will not conflict with the address space resource
>> +requirements for the system. If this bit is not set upon Linux startup then
>> +Linux itself will not set it and memory encryption will not be possible.
>> +The state of SME in the Linux kernel can be documented as follows:
>> + - Supported:
>> + The CPU supports SME (determined through CPUID instruction).
>> + - Enabled:
>> + Supported and bit 23 of the SYS_CFG MSR is set.
>> + - Active:
>> + Supported, Enabled and the Linux kernel is actively applying
>> + the encryption bit to page table entries (the SME mask in the
>> + kernel is non-zero).
>> +SME can also be enabled and activated in the BIOS. If SME is enabled and
>> +activated in the BIOS, then all memory accesses will be encrypted and it will
>> +not be necessary to activate the Linux memory encryption support. If the BIOS
>> +merely enables SME (sets bit 23 of the SYS_CFG MSR), then Linux can activate
>> +memory encryption.
> "... This is done by supplying mem_encrypt=on on the kernel command line.
> Alternatively, if the kernel should enable SME by default, set
Yup, much clearer.
>> However, if BIOS does not enable SME, then Linux will not
>> +attempt to activate memory encryption, even if configured to do so by default
> will not attempt or will not be able to?
Probably closer to will not be able to right now. I'll update that.
>> +or the mem_encrypt=on command line parameter is specified.