Re: [PATCH v4 29/36] media: imx: mipi-csi2: enable setting and getting of frame rates
From: Russell King - ARM Linux
Date: Tue Feb 21 2017 - 11:04:50 EST
On Tue, Feb 21, 2017 at 05:38:34PM +0200, Sakari Ailus wrote:
> Hi Russell,
> On Tue, Feb 21, 2017 at 01:21:32PM +0000, Russell King - ARM Linux wrote:
> > On Tue, Feb 21, 2017 at 02:37:57PM +0200, Sakari Ailus wrote:
> > > Hi Russell,
> > >
> > > On Tue, Feb 21, 2017 at 12:13:32AM +0000, Russell King - ARM Linux wrote:
> > > > On Tue, Feb 21, 2017 at 12:04:10AM +0200, Sakari Ailus wrote:
> > > > > On Wed, Feb 15, 2017 at 06:19:31PM -0800, Steve Longerbeam wrote:
> > > > > > From: Russell King <rmk+kernel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Setting and getting frame rates is part of the negotiation mechanism
> > > > > > between subdevs. The lack of support means that a frame rate at the
> > > > > > sensor can't be negotiated through the subdev path.
> > > > >
> > > > > Just wondering --- what do you need this for?
> > > >
> > > > The v4l2 documentation contradicts the media-ctl implementation.
> > > >
> > > > While v4l2 documentation says:
> > > >
> > > > These ioctls are used to get and set the frame interval at specific
> > > > subdev pads in the image pipeline. The frame interval only makes sense
> > > > for sub-devices that can control the frame period on their own. This
> > > > includes, for instance, image sensors and TV tuners. Sub-devices that
> > > > don't support frame intervals must not implement these ioctls.
> > > >
> > > > However, when trying to configure the pipeline using media-ctl, eg:
> > > >
> > > > media-ctl -d /dev/media1 --set-v4l2 '"imx219 pixel 0-0010":0[crop:(0,0)/3264x2464]'
> > > > media-ctl -d /dev/media1 --set-v4l2 '"imx219 0-0010":1[fmt:SRGGB10/3264x2464@1/30]'
> > > > media-ctl -d /dev/media1 --set-v4l2 '"imx219 0-0010":0[fmt:SRGGB8/816x616@1/30]'
> > > > media-ctl -d /dev/media1 --set-v4l2 '"imx6-mipi-csi2":1[fmt:SRGGB8/816x616@1/30]'
> > > > Unable to setup formats: Inappropriate ioctl for device (25)
> > > > media-ctl -d /dev/media1 --set-v4l2 '"ipu1_csi0_mux":2[fmt:SRGGB8/816x616@1/30]'
> > > > media-ctl -d /dev/media1 --set-v4l2 '"ipu1_csi0":2[fmt:SRGGB8/816x616@1/30]'
> > > >
> > > > The problem there is that the format setting for the csi2 does not get
> > > > propagated forward:
> > >
> > > The CSI-2 receivers typically do not implement frame interval IOCTLs as they
> > > do not control the frame interval. Some sensors or TV tuners typically do,
> > > so they implement these IOCTLs.
> > No, TV tuners do not. The frame rate for a TV tuner is set by the
> > broadcaster, not by the tuner. The tuner can't change that frame rate.
> > The tuner may opt to "skip" fields or frames. That's no different from
> > what the CSI block in my example below is capable of doing.
> > Treating a tuner differently from the CSI block is inconsistent and
> > completely wrong.
> I agree tuners in that sense are somewhat similar, and they are not treated
> differently because they are tuners (and not CSI-2 receivers). Neither can
> control the frame rate of the incoming video stream.
> Conceivably a tuner could implement G_FRAME_INTERVAL IOCTL, but based on a
> quick glance none appears to. Neither do CSI-2 receivers. Only sensor
> drivers do currently.
Please look again. I am being very careful with "CSI" vs "CSI-2" in my
emails, you are conflating the two.
In all my emails so far, "CSI" refers to a block of hardware that is
responsible for receiving an image stream from some kind of source. It
contains hardware that supports frame skipping.
"CSI-2" refers to a different block of hardware that is responsible for
receiving a serially encoded stream from a MIPI-CSI-2 compliant source
and providing it to the "CSI" block.
I would have thought my diagram that I drew would have made it clear that
they were different blocks of hardware, but I guess in this case, the old
saying "a picture is worth 1000 words" is simply not true.
> Images are transmitted as series of lines, with each line ending in a
> horizontal blanking period, and each frame ending with a similar period of
I'm sorry, are you seriously teaching me to suck rocks? I am insulted.
I've been involved in TV and video for many years, I don't need you to
tell me how video is transmitted.
Sorry, you've just lost my interest in further discussion.
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