Re: WTH is going on with memory hotplug sysf interface (was: Re: [RFC PATCH] mm, hotplug: get rid of auto_online_blocks)
From: Michal Hocko
Date: Mon Mar 13 2017 - 10:36:31 EST
On Mon 13-03-17 14:57:12, Igor Mammedov wrote:
> On Mon, 13 Mar 2017 11:43:02 +0100
> Michal Hocko <mhocko@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> > On Mon 13-03-17 11:31:10, Igor Mammedov wrote:
> > > On Fri, 10 Mar 2017 14:58:07 +0100
> > [...]
> > > > [ 0.000000] ACPI: SRAT: Node 0 PXM 0 [mem 0x00000000-0x0009ffff]
> > > > [ 0.000000] ACPI: SRAT: Node 0 PXM 0 [mem 0x00100000-0x3fffffff]
> > > > [ 0.000000] ACPI: SRAT: Node 1 PXM 1 [mem 0x40000000-0x7fffffff]
> > > > [ 0.000000] ACPI: SRAT: Node 0 PXM 0 [mem 0x100000000-0x27fffffff] hotplug
> > > > [ 0.000000] NUMA: Node 0 [mem 0x00000000-0x0009ffff] + [mem 0x00100000-0x3fffffff] -> [mem 0x00000000-0x3fffffff]
> > > > [ 0.000000] NODE_DATA(0) allocated [mem 0x3fffc000-0x3fffffff]
> > > > [ 0.000000] NODE_DATA(1) allocated [mem 0x7ffdc000-0x7ffdffff]
> > > > [ 0.000000] Zone ranges:
> > > > [ 0.000000] DMA [mem 0x0000000000001000-0x0000000000ffffff]
> > > > [ 0.000000] DMA32 [mem 0x0000000001000000-0x000000007ffdffff]
> > > > [ 0.000000] Normal empty
> > > > [ 0.000000] Movable zone start for each node
> > > > [ 0.000000] Early memory node ranges
> > > > [ 0.000000] node 0: [mem 0x0000000000001000-0x000000000009efff]
> > > > [ 0.000000] node 0: [mem 0x0000000000100000-0x000000003fffffff]
> > > > [ 0.000000] node 1: [mem 0x0000000040000000-0x000000007ffdffff]
> > > >
> > > > so there is neither any normal zone nor movable one at the boot time.
> > > it could be if hotpluggable memory were present at boot time in E802 table
> > > (if I remember right when running on hyperv there is movable zone at boot time),
> > >
> > > but in qemu hotpluggable memory isn't put into E820,
> > > so zone is allocated later when memory is enumerated
> > > by ACPI subsystem and onlined.
> > > It causes less issues wrt movable zone and works for
> > > different versions of linux/windows as well.
> > >
> > > That's where in kernel auto-onlining could be also useful,
> > > since user would be able to start-up with with small
> > > non removable memory plus several removable DIMMs
> > > and have all the memory onlined/available by the time
> > > initrd is loaded. (missing piece here is onling
> > > removable memory as movable by default).
> > Why we should even care to online that memory that early rather than
> > making it available via e820?
> It's not forbidden by spec and has less complications
> when it comes to removable memory. Declaring it in E820
> would add following limitations/drawbacks:
> - firmware should be able to exclude removable memory
> from its usage (currently SeaBIOS nor EFI have to
> know/care about it) => less qemu-guest ABI to maintain.
> - OS should be taught to avoid/move (early) nonmovable
> allocations from removable address ranges.
> There were patches targeting that in recent kernels,
> but it won't work with older kernels that don't have it.
> So limiting a range of OSes that could run on QEMU
> and do memory removal.
> E820 less approach works reasonably well with wide range
> of guest OSes and less complex that if removable memory
> were present it E820. Hence I don't have a compelling
> reason to introduce removable memory in E820 as it
> only adds to hot(un)plug issues.
OK I see and that sounds like an argument to not put those ranges to
E820. I still fail to see why we haeve to online the memory early during
the boot and cannot wait for userspace to run?