[PATCH 04/20] arm64: ilp32: add documentation on the ILP32 ABI for ARM64
From: Yury Norov
Date: Mon Jun 19 2017 - 11:51:39 EST
Based on Andrew Pinski's patch-series.
Signed-off-by: Yury Norov <ynorov@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Documentation/arm64/ilp32.txt | 45 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 45 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 Documentation/arm64/ilp32.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/ilp32.txt b/Documentation/arm64/ilp32.txt
new file mode 100644
@@ -0,0 +1,45 @@
+ILP32 AARCH64 SYSCALL ABI
+This document describes the ILP32 syscall ABI and where it differs
+from the generic compat linux syscall interface.
+AARCH64/ILP32 userspace can pass garbage in the top halve of w0-w7 registers
+(syscall arguments). So top 32 bits are zeroed for them.
+Comparing to AARCH32, AARCH64/ILP32 has 64-bit length of following types:
+ino_t is u64 type.
+off_t is s64 type.
+blkcnt_t is s64 type.
+fsblkcnt_t is u64 type.
+fsfilcnt_t is u64 type.
+rlim_t is u64 type.
+AARCH64/ILP32 ABI uses standard syscall table which can be found at
+include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h, with the exceptions listed below.
+Syscalls which pass 64-bit values are handled by the code shared from
+AARCH32 and pass that value as a pair. Next syscalls are affected:
+ptrace() syscall is handled by compat version.
+shmat() syscall is handled by non-compat handler as aarch64/ilp32 has no
+limitation on 4-pages alignement for shared memory.
+statfs() and fstatfs() take the size of struct statfs as an argument.
+It is calculated differently in kernel and user spaces. So AARCH32 handlers
+are taken to handle it.
+struct rt_sigframe is redefined and contains struct compat_siginfo,
+as compat syscalls expects, and struct ilp32_sigframe, to handle
+AARCH64 register set and 32-bit userspace register representation.
+elf_gregset_t is taken from lp64 to handle registers properly.