Re: [PATCH v6 00/10] Implement NVMe Namespace Descriptor Identification

From: Eric W. Biederman
Date: Wed Jun 21 2017 - 20:14:09 EST

Linus Torvalds <torvalds@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> writes:

> On Fri, Jun 16, 2017 at 6:58 PM, Christoph Hellwig <hch@xxxxxx> wrote:
>> On Fri, Jun 16, 2017 at 11:48:32AM +0200, Johannes Thumshirn wrote:
>>> >
>>> > Yeah, it's actually there, but for some reason find on sysfs
>>> > behaves strange:
>>> >
>>> > root@testvm:~# find /sys -name uuid
>>> > root@testvm:~# cat /sys/class/nvme/nvme2/nvme2n1/uuid
>>> > 6665a65b-f42f-469b-800e-a047238649eb
>>> Wasn't there something that find on sysfs isn't reliable?
>> Looks like it. Which is a pitty.
> Hmm. The *traditional* reason for this particular 'find' oddity is
> that find has an optimization which will look at the nlink count of a
> directory to decide how many subdirectories it can have.
> So when 'find' then traverses the directory tree, once it has found
> all the subdirectories it expects, it will stop traversing any further
> subdirectories.
> The reason for this is that it can then avoid doing the 'lstat()' on
> each directory entry to even figure out what kind of file it is (ie
> directory vs regular file etc). I forget the exact rules, but it
> basically depends on nlink being "2+umber of subdirectories". I wonder
> if the sysfs code gets this wrong for some cases.
> All the directories I have on the laptop I'm on right now get it
> right, but maybe nvme triggers something.
> You can check with some silly shell scripts, and do things like
> stat -c %h /sys/class/nvme
> and then compare that to the number of subdirectories (the link count
> should be 2 higher - the parent entry and the '.' entry).
> The traditional *fix* for this is to just set "nlink" to 1 for a
> directory, which tells 'find' to not use this optimization. That's
> what filesystems like VFAT do, that don't count subdirectories. But
> sysfs should get the directory count right.
> I can't imagine any other reason why 'find' would screw up.

Definitely worth looking at.

There is only one code path for that in kernfs/sysfs so I don't think
you can mess that up.

I suspect find is getting confused by something more subtle. Perhaps a
symlink. /sys/class/nvme/ ought to be be filled with symlinks to other
locations in sysfs. Which could be part of the challenge.

Perhaps find /sys/ behaves differently than find /sys..

It might be worth running "find /sys | grep uuid" and see if your file
turns up.

After the work I did cleaning up sysfs to support network namespaces
find really ought to work properly on sysfs. inotify is likely to have
problems but find should work.