[PATCH v4 net-next 00/13] bpf: rewrite value tracking in verifier

From: Edward Cree
Date: Thu Aug 03 2017 - 12:07:55 EST

This series simplifies alignment tracking, generalises bounds tracking and
fixes some bounds-tracking bugs in the BPF verifier. Pointer arithmetic on
packet pointers, stack pointers, map value pointers and context pointers has
been unified, and bounds on these pointers are only checked when the pointer
is dereferenced.
Operations on pointers which destroy all relation to the original pointer
(such as multiplies and shifts) are disallowed if !env->allow_ptr_leaks,
otherwise they convert the pointer to an unknown scalar and feed it to the
normal scalar arithmetic handling.
Pointer types have been unified with the corresponding adjusted-pointer types
where those existed (e.g. PTR_TO_MAP_VALUE[_ADJ] or FRAME_PTR vs
PTR_TO_STACK); similarly, CONST_IMM and UNKNOWN_VALUE have been unified into
Pointer types (except CONST_PTR_TO_MAP, PTR_TO_MAP_VALUE_OR_NULL and
PTR_TO_PACKET_END, which do not allow arithmetic) have a 'fixed offset' and
a 'variable offset'; the former is used when e.g. adding an immediate or a
known-constant register, as long as it does not overflow. Otherwise the
latter is used, and any operation creating a new variable offset creates a
new 'id' (and, for PTR_TO_PACKET, clears the 'range').
SCALAR_VALUEs use the 'variable offset' fields to track the range of possible
values; the 'fixed offset' should never be set on a scalar.

All tests of tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_{verifier,align,progs} pass.

v4: removed some changes which were submitted separately to 'net'; altered
some of the conditional-jump bounds handling in rebasing it on Daniel's
changes. Upped the complexity limit to 128k insns.

v3: added a few more tests; removed RFC tags.

v2: fixed nfp build, made test_align pass again and extended it with a few
new tests (though still need to add more).

Edward Cree (13):
bpf/verifier: rework value tracking
nfp: change bpf verifier hooks to match new verifier data structures
bpf/verifier: track signed and unsigned min/max values
bpf/verifier: more concise register state logs for constant var_off
selftests/bpf: change test_verifier expectations
selftests/bpf: rewrite test_align
selftests/bpf: add a test to test_align
selftests/bpf: add test for bogus operations on pointers
selftests/bpf: don't try to access past MAX_PACKET_OFF in
selftests/bpf: add tests for subtraction & negative numbers
selftests/bpf: variable offset negative tests
Documentation: describe the new eBPF verifier value tracking behaviour
bpf/verifier: increase complexity limit to 128k

Documentation/networking/filter.txt | 122 +-
drivers/net/ethernet/netronome/nfp/bpf/verifier.c | 24 +-
include/linux/bpf.h | 34 +-
include/linux/bpf_verifier.h | 55 +-
include/linux/tnum.h | 81 +
kernel/bpf/Makefile | 2 +-
kernel/bpf/tnum.c | 180 ++
kernel/bpf/verifier.c | 2152 ++++++++++++---------
tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_align.c | 462 ++++-
tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_verifier.c | 389 ++--
10 files changed, 2221 insertions(+), 1280 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 include/linux/tnum.h
create mode 100644 kernel/bpf/tnum.c