Re: How to disable Linux kernel self-extraction (KERNEL_GZIP, KERNEL_BZIP2, â)?

From: Pavel Machek
Date: Sun Apr 22 2018 - 16:52:18 EST


> >>I try to decrease boot time, and my system has an SSD and enough space, so
> >>loading 18 instead of 12 MB doesnât make a difference, but the
> >>self-extraction is noticeable. So, I like to disable it.
> >
> >How long does GZIP extraction take on your hardware?
> Itâs hard to measure â at least I didnât find a way to do so â, but counting
> from the last GRUB message to the first message of Linux (with `quiet`
> removed from the the command line), it takes roughly *two* seconds.
> ```
> $ ls -l /boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-3-686-pae
> -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 3987200 Apr 19 12:13 /boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-3-686-pae
> $ ls -lh /boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-3-686-pae
> -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 3,9M Apr 19 12:13 /boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-3-686-pae
> $ time scripts/extract-vmlinux vmlinuz-4.15.0-3-686-pae > bla.txt
> real 0m1,204s
> user 0m1,041s
> sys 0m0,245s
> ```

Interesting; looks like I have faster machine (thinkpad X220).

pavel@duo:/data/l/linux$ time scripts/extract-vmlinux /tmp/vmlinux.bin
> /tmp/delme
0.21user 0.15system 0.66 (0m0.660s) elapsed 56.36%CPU
pavel@duo:/data/l/linux$ ls -al /tmp/delme
-rw-r--r-- 1 pavel pavel 18275356 Apr 22 22:44 /tmp/delme
pavel@duo:/data/l/linux$ gzip /tmp/delme
pavel@duo:/data/l/linux$ time gzip -d /tmp/delme.gz
0.21user 0.02system 0.23 (0m0.232s) elapsed 100.03%CPU
pavel@duo:/data/l/linux$ gzip -1 /tmp/delme
pavel@duo:/data/l/linux$ time gzip -d /tmp/delme.gz
0.22user 0.03system 0.25 (0m0.257s) elapsed 100.11%CPU
pavel@duo:/data/l/linux$ time gzip -d /tmp/delme.gz

..and it also looks like extract-kernel is significantly slower than
gzip -9, because it is not using all the CPU. Strange.

Interesting. I somehow assumed gzip -d would be faster than that on
modern machines.

So yes, looks like uncompressed kernel image may be good idea.
(cesky, pictures)

Attachment: signature.asc
Description: Digital signature