Re: linux-next: build warnings from Linus' tree

From: Adam Borowski
Date: Sun Aug 19 2018 - 21:33:32 EST

On Sun, Aug 19, 2018 at 04:21:57PM -0700, Linus Torvalds wrote:
> On Sun, Aug 19, 2018 at 3:13 PM Stephen Rothwell <sfr@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> >
> > Today's linux-next build (powerpc ppc64_defconfig) produced these
> > warnings:
> >
> > fs/cifs/cifssmb.c:605:3: warning: 'strncpy' writing 16 bytes into a region of size 1 overflows the destination [-Wstringop-overflow=]
> > strncpy(pSMB->DialectsArray+count, protocols[i].name, 16);
> >
> > Presumably caused by my update to gcc 8.2.0.
> Yeah. There are some patches to mark some arrays as non-strings to get
> rid of these, but we'll see. Maybe we'll just disable the new gcc
> warning if it causes more pain than it is worth.

Every single use of strncpy() for a C string is either a bug, inefficiency,
or both. In this particular case the code:

count = 0;
for (i = 0; i < CIFS_NUM_PROT; i++) {
strncpy(pSMB->DialectsArray+count, protocols[i].name, 16);
count += strlen(protocols[i].name) + 1;
/* null at end of source and target buffers anyway */

* pointlessly clears 16 bytes in every iteration
* calculates the string's length twice
* there's no protection against buffer overflow anyway

So what is the strncpy() there for, when an unbounded copy would be just as
good? For other cases, there's a bunch of better functions: strlcpy(),
snprintf(), even strlen()+memcpy(), etc.

Valid uses of strncpy() do exist (such as SCSI structs), but those deal with
fixed-width fields. Thus, gcc is right for warning for at least some of
misuse of strncpy() for C strings. The function wasn't designed for them.

(Skipped analysis why strncpy is always a bad choice for C strings.)

âââââââ What Would Jesus Do, MUD/MMORPG edition:
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