# Re: [PATCH] dt-binding: arm/cpus.txt: fix dynamic-power-coefficient unit

From: Punit Agrawal
Date: Tue Aug 28 2018 - 10:42:14 EST

Vincent Guittot <vincent.guittot@xxxxxxxxxx> writes:

> Hi Amit,
>
> On Wed, 22 Aug 2018 at 12:11, Punit Agrawal <punit.agrawal@xxxxxxx> wrote:
>>
>> Hi Vincent,
>>
>> Thanks for the patch. One comment about the choice of units below.
>>
>> Vincent Guittot <vincent.guittot@xxxxxxxxxx> writes:
>>
>> > The unit of dynamic-power-coefficient is described as mW/MHz/uV^2 whereas
>> > its usage in the code assumes that unit is mW/GHz/V^2
>>
>> Instead of choosing GHz as the base, I'd prefer to use uW/MHz/V^2. It'll
>> avoid introducing fractional GHz value for frequency calculations.
>
> I don't understand your concern about fractional Ghz value for
> frequency calculation ?
> I mean, why it's a problem for frequency with Ghz vs Mhz but not a
> problem for voltage with V vs mV ?
> Don't we have the same "problem" in both case ?

You're right. It's the same problem in both cases.

>>
>> > In drivers/thermal/cpu_cooling.c, the code is :
>> >
>> > power = (u64)capacitance * freq_mhz * voltage_mv * voltage_mv;
>> > do_div(power, 1000000000);
>> >
>> > which can be summarized as :
>> > power (mW) = capacitance * freq_mhz/1000 * (voltage_mv/1000)^2
>>
>> Which would then translate to -
>>
>> power (mW) = power (uW) / 1000 = capacitance * freq_mhz * (voltage_mv/1000)^2
>
> Not sure that the equation above is correct. If we consider uW/MHz/V^2
> for the unit, the equation becomes :
> power (mW) = power (uW) / 1000 = capacitance * freq_mhz *
> (voltage_mv/1000)^2 / 1000

Yes, I missed the "/ 1000" at the end.

> which can be rearranged as
> power (mW) = power (uW) / 1000 = capacitance * freq_mhz/ 1000 *
> (voltage_mv/1000)^2
>
> TBH, I don't really mind between mW/GHz/V^2 or uW/MHz/V^2 as they are
> the same at the end
> but I don't catch your reasoning

The problem I was thinking of doesn't hold as it's the same issue with
voltage.

One benefit to go with uW/MHz/V^2 might be the extra resolution that it
provides. I'd prefer to go with uW/MHz/V^2 if there's no compelling
reason to go with anything else.

[...]

>> >
>> > Furthermore, if we test basic values like :
>> > voltage_mv = 1000mV = 1V
>> > freq_mhz = 1000Mhz = 1Ghz
>> >
>> > The minimum possible power, when dynamic-power-coefficient equals 1, will
>> > be :
>> > min power = 1 * 1000 * (1000000)^2 = 10^15 mW
>> > which is not realistic
>> >
>> > With the unit used by the code, the min power is
>> > min power = 1 * 1 * 1^2 = 1mW which is far more realistic
>> >
>> > Signed-off-by: Vincent Guittot <vincent.guittot@xxxxxxxxxx>
>> > ---
>> > Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/cpus.txt | 4 ++--
>> > 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>> >
>> > diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/cpus.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/cpus.txt
>> > index 29e1dc5..0148d7d 100644
>> > --- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/cpus.txt
>> > +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/cpus.txt
>> > @@ -274,7 +274,7 @@ described below.
>> > Usage: optional
>> > Value type: <prop-encoded-array>
>> > Definition: A u32 value that represents the running time dynamic
>> > - power coefficient in units of mW/MHz/uV^2. The
>> > + power coefficient in units of mW/GHz/V^2. The
>> > coefficient can either be calculated from power
>> > measurements or derived by analysis.
>> >
>> > @@ -285,7 +285,7 @@ described below.
>> >
>> > Pdyn = dynamic-power-coefficient * V^2 * f
>> >
>> > - where voltage is in uV, frequency is in MHz.
>> > + where voltage is in V, frequency is in GHz.
>> >
>> > Example 1 (dual-cluster big.LITTLE system 32-bit):