[PATCH BUGFIX/IMPROVEMENT 3/3] blok, bfq: do not plug I/O if all queues are weight-raised

From: Paolo Valente
Date: Fri Sep 14 2018 - 10:23:51 EST

To reduce latency for interactive and soft real-time applications, bfq
privileges the bfq_queues containing the I/O of these
applications. These privileged queues, referred-to as weight-raised
queues, get a much higher share of the device throughput
w.r.t. non-privileged queues. To preserve this higher share, the I/O
of any non-weight-raised queue must be plugged whenever a sync
weight-raised queue, while being served, remains temporarily empty. To
attain this goal, bfq simply plugs any I/O (from any queue), if a sync
weight-raised queue remains empty while in service.

Unfortunately, this plugging typically lowers throughput with random
I/O, on devices with internal queueing (because it reduces the filling
level of the internal queues of the device).

This commit addresses this issue by restricting the cases where
plugging is performed: if a sync weight-raised queue remains empty
while in service, then I/O plugging is performed only if some of the
active bfq_queues are *not* weight-raised (which is actually the only
circumstance where plugging is needed to preserve the higher share of
the throughput of weight-raised queues). This restriction proved able
to boost throughput in really many use cases needing only maximum

Signed-off-by: Paolo Valente <paolo.valente@xxxxxxxxxx>
block/bfq-iosched.c | 10 ++++++++--
1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/block/bfq-iosched.c b/block/bfq-iosched.c
index d94838bcc135..c0b1db3afb81 100644
--- a/block/bfq-iosched.c
+++ b/block/bfq-iosched.c
@@ -3580,7 +3580,12 @@ static bool bfq_better_to_idle(struct bfq_queue *bfqq)
* whether bfqq is being weight-raised, because
* bfq_symmetric_scenario() does not take into account also
* weight-raised queues (see comments on
- * bfq_weights_tree_add()).
+ * bfq_weights_tree_add()). In particular, if bfqq is being
+ * weight-raised, it is important to idle only if there are
+ * other, non-weight-raised queues that may steal throughput
+ * to bfqq. Actually, we should be even more precise, and
+ * differentiate between interactive weight raising and
+ * soft real-time weight raising.
* As a side note, it is worth considering that the above
* device-idling countermeasures may however fail in the
@@ -3592,7 +3597,8 @@ static bool bfq_better_to_idle(struct bfq_queue *bfqq)
* to let requests be served in the desired order until all
* the requests already queued in the device have been served.
- asymmetric_scenario = bfqq->wr_coeff > 1 ||
+ asymmetric_scenario = (bfqq->wr_coeff > 1 &&
+ bfqd->wr_busy_queues < bfqd->busy_queues) ||