[PATCH v6 00/18] kvm: arm64: Dynamic IPA and 52bit IPA

From: Suzuki K Poulose
Date: Wed Sep 26 2018 - 12:33:30 EST

The physical address space size for a VM (IPA size) on arm/arm64 is
limited to a static limit of 40bits. This series adds support for
using an IPA size specific to a VM, allowing to use a size supported
by the host (based on the host kernel configuration and CPU support).
The default size is fixed to 40bits. On arm64, we can allow the limit
to be lowered (limiting the number of levels in stage2 to 2, to prevent
splitting the host PMD huge pages at stage2). We also add support for
handling 52bit IPA addresses (where supported) added by Arm v8.2

We need to set the IPA limit as early as the VM creation to keep the
code simpler to avoid sprinkling checks everywhere to ensure that the
IPA is configured. We encode the IPA size in the machine_type
argument to KVM_CREATE_VM ioctl. Bits [7-0] of the type are reserved
for the IPA size. The availability of this feature is advertised by a
new cap KVM_CAP_ARM_VM_IPA_SIZE. When supported, this capability
returns the maximum IPA shift supported by the host. The supported IPA
size on a host could be different from the system's PARange indicated
by the CPUs (e.g, kernel limit on the PA size).

Supporting different IPA size requires modification to the stage2 page
table code. The arm64 page table level helpers are defined based on the
page table levels used by the host VA. So, the accessors may not work
if the guest uses more number of levels in stage2 than the stage1
of the host. The previous versions (v1 & v2) of this series refactored
the stage1 page table accessors to reuse the low-level accessors for an
independent stage2 table. However, due to the level folding in the
generic code, the types are redefined as well. i.e, if the PUD is
folded, the pud_t could be defined as :

typedef struct { pgd_t pgd; } pud_t;

similarly for pmd_t. So, without stage1 independent page table entry
types for stage2, we could be dealing with a different type for level
0-2 entries. This is practically fine on arm/arm64 as the entries
have similar format and size and we always use the appropriate
accessors to get the raw value (i.e, pud_val/pmd_val etc). But not
ideal for a solution upstream. So, this version caps the stage2 page
table levels to that of the stage1. This has the following impact on
the IPA support for various pagesize/host-va combinations :

| host\ipa | 40bit | 42bit | 44bit | 48bit | 52bit |
| 39bit-4K | y | y | n | n | n/a |
| 48bit-4K | y | y | y | y | n/a |
| 36bit-16K | y | n | n | n | n/a |
| 47bit-16K | y | y | y | y | n/a |
| 48bit-4K | y | y | y | y | n/a |
| 42bit-64K | y | y | y | n | n |
| 48bit-64K | y | y | y | y | y |

Or the following list shows what cannot be supported :

39bit-4K host | [44 - 48]
36bit-16K host | [41 - 48]
42bit-64K host | [47 - 52]

which is not really bad. We can pursue the independent stage2
page table support and lift the restriction once we get there.
Given there is a proposal for new generic page table walker [0],
it would make sense to make our efforts in sync with it to avoid
diverting from a common API.

52bit support is added for VGIC (including ITS emulation) and handling
of PAR, HPFAR registers.

The series applies on 4.19-rc4. A tree is available here:

git://linux-arm.org/linux-skp.git ipa52/v6

Tested with
- Modified kvmtool, which can only be used for (patches included in
the series for reference / testing):
* with virtio-pci upto 44bit PA (Due to 4K page size for virtio-pci
legacy implemented by kvmtool)
* Upto 48bit PA with virtio-mmio, due to 32bit PFN limitation.
- Hacked Qemu (boot loader support for highmem, IPA size support)
* with virtio-pci GIC-v3 ITS & MSI upto 52bit on Foundation model.
Also see [1] for Qemu support.

[0] https://lkml.org/lkml/2018/4/24/777
[1] https://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/qemu-devel/2018-06/msg05759.html

Change since v5:
- Don't raise the IPA Limit to 40bits on systems with lower PA size.
Doesn't break backward compatibility, we still allow KVM_CREATE_VM
to succeed with "0" as the IPA size (40bits). But prevent specifying
40bit explicitly, when the limit is lower.
- Update Documentation of the API
- Update comments and commit description as reported by Eric
- Set the missing TCR_T0SZ in patch "kvm: arm64: Configure VTCR_EL2 per VM"

Changes since V4:
- Rebased on v4.19-rc3
- Dropped virtio patches queued already by mst.
- Collect Acks from Christoffer
- Restrict IPA configuration support to arm64 only
- Use KVM_CAP_ARM_VM_PHYS_SHIFT for detecting the support for
IPA size configuration along with the limit on the IPA for the host.
- Update comments on __load_guest_stage2
- Add comment about the default value for unknown PARange values.
- Update Documentation of the API

Changes since V3:
- Use per-VM VTCR instead per-VM private VTCR bits
- Allow IPA less than 40bits
- Split the patch adding support for stage2 dynamic page tables
- Rearrange the series to keep the userspace API at the end, which
needs further discussion.
- Collect Reviews/Acks from Eric & Marc

Changes since V2:
- Drop "refactoring of host page table helpers" and restrict the IPA size
to make sure stage2 doesn't use more page table levels than that of the host.
- Load VTCR for TLB operations on behalf of the VM (Pointed-by: James Morse)
- Split a couple of patches to make them easier to review.
- Fall back to normal (non-concatenated) entry level page table support if
- Bump the IOCTL number

Changes since V1:
- Change the userspace API for configuring VM to encode the IPA
size in the VM type. (suggested by Christoffer)
- Expose the IPA limit on the host via ioctl on /dev/kvm
- Handle 52bit addresses in PAR & HPFAR
- Drop patch changing the life time of stage2 PGD
- Rename macros for 48-to-52 bit conversion for GIC ITS BASER.
(suggested by Christoffer)
- Split virtio PFN check patches and address comments.

Kristina Martsenko (1):
vgic: Add support for 52bit guest physical address

Suzuki K Poulose (17):
kvm: arm/arm64: Fix stage2_flush_memslot for 4 level page table
kvm: arm/arm64: Remove spurious WARN_ON
kvm: arm64: Add helper for loading the stage2 setting for a VM
arm64: Add a helper for PARange to physical shift conversion
kvm: arm64: Clean up VTCR_EL2 initialisation
kvm: arm/arm64: Allow arch specific configurations for VM
kvm: arm64: Configure VTCR_EL2 per VM
kvm: arm/arm64: Prepare for VM specific stage2 translations
kvm: arm64: Prepare for dynamic stage2 page table layout
kvm: arm64: Make stage2 page table layout dynamic
kvm: arm64: Dynamic configuration of VTTBR mask
kvm: arm64: Configure VTCR_EL2.SL0 per VM
kvm: arm64: Switch to per VM IPA limit
kvm: arm64: Add 52bit support for PAR to HPFAR conversoin
kvm: arm64: Set a limit on the IPA size
kvm: arm64: Limit the minimum number of page table levels
kvm: arm64: Allow tuning the physical address size for VM

Documentation/virtual/kvm/api.txt | 31 +++
arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_arm.h | 3 +-
arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 7 +
arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h | 15 +-
arch/arm/include/asm/stage2_pgtable.h | 50 ++--
arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h | 20 ++
arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_arm.h | 157 +++++++++---
arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h | 2 -
arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 16 +-
arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_hyp.h | 10 +
arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h | 42 +++-
arch/arm64/include/asm/stage2_pgtable-nopmd.h | 42 ----
arch/arm64/include/asm/stage2_pgtable-nopud.h | 39 ---
arch/arm64/include/asm/stage2_pgtable.h | 236 +++++++++++++-----
arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/Makefile | 1 -
arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/s2-setup.c | 90 -------
arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/switch.c | 4 +-
arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/tlb.c | 4 +-
arch/arm64/kvm/reset.c | 103 ++++++++
include/linux/irqchip/arm-gic-v3.h | 5 +
include/uapi/linux/kvm.h | 10 +
virt/kvm/arm/arm.c | 9 +-
virt/kvm/arm/mmu.c | 120 ++++-----
virt/kvm/arm/vgic/vgic-its.c | 36 +--
virt/kvm/arm/vgic/vgic-kvm-device.c | 2 +-
virt/kvm/arm/vgic/vgic-mmio-v3.c | 2 -
26 files changed, 648 insertions(+), 408 deletions(-)
delete mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/asm/stage2_pgtable-nopmd.h
delete mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/asm/stage2_pgtable-nopud.h
delete mode 100644 arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/s2-setup.c

kvmtool changes:

Suzuki K Poulose (4):
kvmtool: Allow backends to run checks on the KVM device fd
kvmtool: arm64: Add support for guest physical address size
kvmtool: arm64: Switch memory layout
kvmtool: arm: Add support for creating VM with PA size

arm/aarch32/include/kvm/kvm-arch.h | 6 ++--
arm/aarch64/include/kvm/kvm-arch.h | 15 ++++++++--
arm/aarch64/include/kvm/kvm-config-arch.h | 5 +++-
arm/include/arm-common/kvm-arch.h | 17 ++++++++----
arm/include/arm-common/kvm-config-arch.h | 1 +
arm/kvm.c | 34 ++++++++++++++++++++++-
include/kvm/kvm.h | 4 +++
kvm.c | 2 ++
8 files changed, 71 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)