[PATCH] fpga: altera_cvp: restrict registration to CvP enabled devices

From: Andreas Puhm
Date: Mon Oct 22 2018 - 09:15:47 EST

Hi Moritz,

Thank you, for your fast response!
Below you can find the updated patch.

Full description:
The altera_cvp probe function only checks,
if the Altera/Intel PCI device configuration space contains a vendor specific entry (VSEC Capability Header 0x000b) at offset 0x200.
But the probe function does not verify, if the PCI device (and further the FPGA),
for which it has been called, actually supports the Configure-via-Protocol feature.

The PCI device (FPGA) can explicitly disable the Configur-via-Protocol (CvP) feature by setting the CVP_EN bit, index 20 of CVP_STATUS register, to '0'.
As the altera_cvp probe function does not check this it registers the device in any way.
At this point, the altera_cvp module cannot be used to program this device via CvP.
In addition no other module can use the device, as it is still registered by altera_cvp.

Keywords: altera_cvp module, PCI, Configure-via-Protocol

Kernel version: problem occured with v4.15, should occur from 4.14+

Instructions to reproduce:
Proper hardware is necessary to reproduce this, i.e., FPGA with instantiated Altera/Intel PCIe IP Core with disabled CvP feature.

It is possible to circumvent this problem by manually unloading or blacklisting the altera_cvp module.
Suggested Patch:
This patch was successfully build and tested for 4.15 and 4.18

The patch is based on: git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/tag/?h=v4.18

Subject: [PATCH] fpga: altera_cvp: restrict registration to CvP enabled devices

The altera-cvp probe function now verifies, that the PCI device supports
the CvP feature, before it registers the device.
This is done by reading the CVP_EN bit,
Bit 20 of the CVP_STATUS register (@ PCI Config Address 0x21C).

If this bit is '1' (CvP enabled), altera-cvp will register the device
for further interaction.
If this bit is '0' (CvP disabled), altera-cvp will not register the device.

Signed-off-by: Andreas Puhm <puhm@xxxxxxxxxx>
drivers/fpga/altera-cvp.c | 9 +++++++++
1 file changed, 9 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/fpga/altera-cvp.c b/drivers/fpga/altera-cvp.c
index 7fa793672a7a..838abcfca0fb 100644
--- a/drivers/fpga/altera-cvp.c
+++ b/drivers/fpga/altera-cvp.c
@@ -403,6 +403,7 @@ static int altera_cvp_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev,
struct altera_cvp_conf *conf;
struct fpga_manager *mgr;
u16 cmd, val;
+ u32 val32;
int ret;

@@ -416,6 +417,14 @@ static int altera_cvp_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev,
return -ENODEV;

+ pci_read_config_dword(pdev, VSE_CVP_STATUS, &val32);
+ if (!(val32 & VSE_CVP_STATUS_CVP_EN)) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev,
+ "CVP is disabled for this device: CVP_STATUS Reg 0x%x\n",
+ val32);
+ return -ENODEV;
+ }
conf = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*conf), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!conf)
return -ENOMEM;

With best regards,
Andreas Puhm <puhm@xxxxxxxxxx>