[PATCH V2 0/2] Unmap EFI boot services code/data regions after boot.
From: Sai Praneeth Prakhya
Date: Fri Oct 26 2018 - 17:40:43 EST
CC'ing x86 folks because this patch touches x86/mm which I am no expert of.
[Copied from Patch 1]
Ideally, after kernel assumes control of the platform, firmware shouldn't access
EFI boot services code/data regions. But, it's noticed that this is not so true
in many x86 platforms. Hence, during boot, kernel reserves EFI boot services
code/data regions  and maps  them to efi_pgd so that call to
set_virtual_address_map() doesn't fail. After returning from
set_virtual_address_map(), kernel frees the reserved regions  but they still
This means that any code that's running in efi_pgd address space (e.g: any EFI
runtime service) would still be able to access EFI boot services code/data
regions but the contents of these regions would have long been over written by
someone else as they are freed by efi_free_boot_services(). So, it's important
to unmap these regions. After unmapping EFI boot services code/data regions, any
illegal access by buggy firmware to these regions would result in page fault
which will be handled by efi specific fault handler.
Unmapping EFI boot services code/data regions will result in clearing
PAGE_PRESENT bit and it shouldn't bother L1TF cases because it's already handled
by protnone_mask() at arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable-invert.h.
 Please see efi_reserve_boot_services()
 Please see efi_map_region() -> __map_region()
 Please see efi_free_boot_services()
Testing the patch set:
1. Download buggy firmware (which accesses boot regions even after kernel has
booted) from here .
2. Without the patch set, you shouldn't see any kernel warning/error messages
(i.e. kernel allows accesses to EFI boot services code/data regions even after
call to set_virtual_address_map()).
3. With the patch set, you should see a kernel warning about buggy firmware,
efi_rts_wq beeing freezed and disabling runtime services forever.
Please note that this patch will change kernel's existing behavior for some EFI
runtime services but I think it's OK because kernel should have never allowed
those accesses in the first place.
Also please note that this patch set needs lot of real time trashing as I just
tested it out with OVMF.
Patch set based on "next" branch in efi tree.
Changes from V1 -> v2:
1. Rewrite the cpa initializer in a more readable fashion.
2. Don't use cpa->pfn while unmapping, as it's not useful.
3. Unmap regions before freeing them up.
4. Fix spelling nits.
Sai Praneeth (2):
x86/efi: Unmap EFI boot services code/data regions from efi_pgd
x86/efi: Move efi_<reserve/free>_boot_services() to arch/x86
arch/x86/include/asm/efi.h | 2 ++
arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h | 2 ++
arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c | 26 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/platform/efi/efi.c | 2 ++
arch/x86/platform/efi/quirks.c | 25 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/efi.h | 3 ---
init/main.c | 4 ----
7 files changed, 57 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
Signed-off-by: Sai Praneeth Prakhya <sai.praneeth.prakhya@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Bhupesh Sharma <bhsharma@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@xxxxxxxxxx>