[PATCH v5 06/15] sched/core: uclamp: enforce last task UCLAMP_MAX

From: Patrick Bellasi
Date: Mon Oct 29 2018 - 14:33:55 EST

When a util_max clamped task sleeps, its clamp constraints are removed
from the CPU. However, the blocked utilization on that CPU can still be
higher than the max clamp value enforced while that task was running.

The release of a util_max clamp when a CPU is going to be idle could
thus allow unwanted CPU frequency increases while tasks are not
running. This can happen, for example, when a frequency update is
triggered from another CPU of the same frequency domain.
In this case, when we aggregate the utilization of all the CPUs in a
shared frequency domain, schedutil can still see the full not clamped
blocked utilization of all the CPUs and thus, eventually, increase the

Let's fix this by using:


to detect when a CPU has no more RUNNABLE clamped tasks and to flag this
condition. Thus, while a CPU is idle, we can still enforce the last used
clamp value for it.

To the contrary, we do not track any UCLAMP_MIN since, while a CPU is
idle, we don't want to enforce any minimum frequency. Indeed, in this
case, we rely just on the decay of the blocked utilization to smoothly
reduce the CPU frequency.

Signed-off-by: Patrick Bellasi <patrick.bellasi@xxxxxxx>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Viresh Kumar <viresh.kumar@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Suren Baghdasaryan <surenb@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Todd Kjos <tkjos@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Joel Fernandes <joelaf@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Juri Lelli <juri.lelli@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Quentin Perret <quentin.perret@xxxxxxx>
Cc: Dietmar Eggemann <dietmar.eggemann@xxxxxxx>
Cc: Morten Rasmussen <morten.rasmussen@xxxxxxx>
Cc: linux-kernel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Cc: linux-pm@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Changes in v5:
- reduce usage of alias local variables whenever the global ones can
still be used without affecting code readability
- reduced usage of inline comments
- rebased on v4.19

Changes in v4:
Message-ID: <20180816172016.GG2960@e110439-lin>
- ensure to always reset clamp holding on wakeup from IDLE
- rebased on v4.19-rc1
Changes in v3:
Message-ID: <CAJuCfpFnj2g3+ZpR4fP4yqfxs0zd=c-Zehr2XM7m_C+WdL9jNA@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Changes in v2:
- rabased on v4.18-rc4
- new patch to improve a specific issue
kernel/sched/core.c | 41 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
kernel/sched/sched.h | 11 +++++++++++
2 files changed, 49 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index 21f6251a1d44..b23f80c07be9 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -796,10 +796,11 @@ static union uclamp_map uclamp_maps[UCLAMP_CNT][UCLAMP_GROUPS];
* For the specified clamp index, this method computes the new CPU utilization
* clamp to use until the next change on the set of active clamp groups.
-static inline void uclamp_cpu_update(struct rq *rq, unsigned int clamp_id)
+static inline void uclamp_cpu_update(struct rq *rq, unsigned int clamp_id,
+ unsigned int last_clamp_value)
unsigned int group_id;
- int max_value = 0;
+ int max_value = -1;

for (group_id = 0; group_id < UCLAMP_GROUPS; ++group_id) {
if (!rq->uclamp.group[clamp_id][group_id].tasks)
@@ -810,6 +811,28 @@ static inline void uclamp_cpu_update(struct rq *rq, unsigned int clamp_id)
if (max_value >= SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE)
+ /*
+ * Just for the UCLAMP_MAX value, in case there are no RUNNABLE
+ * task, we want to keep the CPU clamped to the last task's clamp
+ * value. This is to avoid frequency spikes to MAX when one CPU, with
+ * an high blocked utilization, sleeps and another CPU, in the same
+ * frequency domain, do not see anymore the clamp on the first CPU.
+ *
+ * The UCLAMP_FLAG_IDLE is set whenever we detect, from the above
+ * loop, that there are no more RUNNABLE taks on that CPU.
+ * In this case we enforce the CPU util_max to that of the last
+ * dequeued task.
+ */
+ if (max_value < 0) {
+ if (clamp_id == UCLAMP_MAX) {
+ rq->uclamp.flags |= UCLAMP_FLAG_IDLE;
+ max_value = last_clamp_value;
+ } else {
+ max_value = uclamp_none(UCLAMP_MIN);
+ }
+ }
rq->uclamp.value[clamp_id] = max_value;

@@ -835,6 +858,18 @@ static inline void uclamp_cpu_get_id(struct task_struct *p, struct rq *rq,

rq->uclamp.group[clamp_id][group_id].tasks += 1;

+ if (unlikely(rq->uclamp.flags & UCLAMP_FLAG_IDLE)) {
+ /*
+ * Reset clamp holds on idle exit.
+ * This function is called for both UCLAMP_MIN (before) and
+ * UCLAMP_MAX (after). Let's reset the flag only the second
+ * once we know that UCLAMP_MIN has been already updated.
+ */
+ if (clamp_id == UCLAMP_MAX)
+ rq->uclamp.flags &= ~UCLAMP_FLAG_IDLE;
+ rq->uclamp.value[clamp_id] = p->uclamp[clamp_id].value;
+ }
if (rq->uclamp.value[clamp_id] < p->uclamp[clamp_id].value)
rq->uclamp.value[clamp_id] = p->uclamp[clamp_id].value;
@@ -883,7 +918,7 @@ static inline void uclamp_cpu_put_id(struct task_struct *p, struct rq *rq,
if (clamp_value >= rq->uclamp.value[clamp_id])
- uclamp_cpu_update(rq, clamp_id);
+ uclamp_cpu_update(rq, clamp_id, clamp_value);

diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
index 94c4f2f410ad..859192ec492c 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
+++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
@@ -807,6 +807,17 @@ struct uclamp_group {
struct uclamp_cpu {
struct uclamp_group group[UCLAMP_CNT][UCLAMP_GROUPS];
int value[UCLAMP_CNT];
+ * Idle clamp holding
+ * Whenever a CPU is idle, we enforce the util_max clamp value of the last
+ * task running on that CPU. This bit is used to flag a clamp holding
+ * currently active for a CPU. This flag is:
+ * - set when we update the clamp value of a CPU at the time of dequeuing the
+ * last before entering idle
+ * - reset when we enqueue the first task after a CPU wakeup from IDLE
+ */
+#define UCLAMP_FLAG_IDLE 0x01
+ int flags;