[PATCH v5 09/15] sched/cpufreq: uclamp: add utilization clamping for FAIR tasks

From: Patrick Bellasi
Date: Mon Oct 29 2018 - 14:34:56 EST

Each time a frequency update is required via schedutil, a frequency is
selected to (possibly) satisfy the utilization reported by the CFS
class. However, when utilization clamping is in use, the frequency
selection should consider userspace utilization clamping hints.
This will allow, for example, to:

- boost tasks which are directly affecting the user experience
by running them at least at a minimum "requested" frequency

- cap low priority tasks not directly affecting the user experience
by running them only up to a maximum "allowed" frequency

These constraints are meant to support a per-task based tuning of the
frequency selection thus supporting a fine grained definition of
performance boosting vs energy saving strategies in kernel space.

This adds the required support to clamp the utilization generated by
RUNNABLE FAIR tasks within the boundaries defined by their aggregated
utilization clamp constraints.

On each CPU the aggregated clamp values are obtained by considering the
maximum of the {min,max}_util values for each task. This max aggregation
responds to the goal of not penalizing, for example, high boosted (i.e.
more important for the user-experience) CFS tasks which happens to be
co-scheduled with high capped (i.e. less important for the
user-experience) CFS tasks.

For FAIR tasks both the utilization and the IOWait boost values
are clamped according to the CPU aggregated utilization clamp

The default values for boosting and capping are defined to be:
- util_min: 0
which means that by default no boosting/capping is enforced on FAIR
tasks, and thus the frequency will be selected considering the actual
utilization value of each CPU.

Signed-off-by: Patrick Bellasi <patrick.bellasi@xxxxxxx>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Viresh Kumar <viresh.kumar@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Suren Baghdasaryan <surenb@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Todd Kjos <tkjos@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Joel Fernandes <joelaf@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Juri Lelli <juri.lelli@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Quentin Perret <quentin.perret@xxxxxxx>
Cc: Dietmar Eggemann <dietmar.eggemann@xxxxxxx>
Cc: Morten Rasmussen <morten.rasmussen@xxxxxxx>
Cc: linux-kernel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Cc: linux-pm@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Changes in v5:
Message-ID: <20180914133654.GL24124@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
- add a comment to justify the assumptions on util clamping for FAIR tasks
Message-ID: <20180914093240.GB24082@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
- removed uclamp_value and use inline access to data structures
Message-ID: <20180914135712.GQ1413@e110439-lin>
- the (unlikely(val == UCLAMP_NOT_VALID)) check is not more required
since we now ensure we always have a valid value configured
- rebased on v4.19

Changes in v4:
Message-ID: <CAKfTPtC2adLupg7wy1JU9zxKx1466Sza6fSCcr92wcawm1OYkg@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
- use *rq instead of cpu for both uclamp_util() and uclamp_value()
Message-ID: <20180816135300.GC2960@e110439-lin>
- remove uclamp_value() which is never used outside CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK
- rebased on v4.19-rc1
Changes in v3:
Message-ID: <CAJuCfpF6=L=0LrmNnJrTNPazT4dWKqNv+thhN0dwpKCgUzs9sg@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
- rebased on tip/sched/core
Changes in v2:
- rebased on v4.18-rc4
kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c | 25 ++++++++++++++++++++++---
kernel/sched/sched.h | 28 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 50 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c b/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
index 3fffad3bc8a8..fd3fe55d605b 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
@@ -222,8 +222,13 @@ static unsigned long sugov_get_util(struct sugov_cpu *sg_cpu)
* CFS tasks and we use the same metric to track the effective
* utilization (PELT windows are synchronized) we can directly add them
* to obtain the CPU's actual utilization.
+ *
+ * CFS utilization can be boosted or capped, depending on utilization
+ * clamp constraints requested by currently RUNNABLE tasks.
+ * When there are no CFS RUNNABLE tasks, clamps are released and OPPs
+ * will be gracefully reduced with the utilization decay.
- util = cpu_util_cfs(rq);
+ util = uclamp_util(rq, cpu_util_cfs(rq));
util += cpu_util_rt(rq);

@@ -307,6 +312,7 @@ static void sugov_iowait_boost(struct sugov_cpu *sg_cpu, u64 time,
unsigned int flags)
bool set_iowait_boost = flags & SCHED_CPUFREQ_IOWAIT;
+ unsigned int max_boost;

/* Reset boost if the CPU appears to have been idle enough */
if (sg_cpu->iowait_boost &&
@@ -322,11 +328,24 @@ static void sugov_iowait_boost(struct sugov_cpu *sg_cpu, u64 time,
sg_cpu->iowait_boost_pending = true;

+ /*
+ * Boost FAIR tasks only up to the CPU clamped utilization.
+ *
+ * Since DL tasks have a much more advanced bandwidth control, it's
+ * safe to assume that IO boost does not apply to those tasks.
+ * Instead, since RT tasks are not utiliation clamped, we don't want
+ * to apply clamping on IO boost while there is blocked RT
+ * utilization.
+ */
+ max_boost = sg_cpu->iowait_boost_max;
+ if (!cpu_util_rt(cpu_rq(sg_cpu->cpu)))
+ max_boost = uclamp_util(cpu_rq(sg_cpu->cpu), max_boost);
/* Double the boost at each request */
if (sg_cpu->iowait_boost) {
sg_cpu->iowait_boost <<= 1;
- if (sg_cpu->iowait_boost > sg_cpu->iowait_boost_max)
- sg_cpu->iowait_boost = sg_cpu->iowait_boost_max;
+ if (sg_cpu->iowait_boost > max_boost)
+ sg_cpu->iowait_boost = max_boost;

diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
index 859192ec492c..a7e9b7041ea5 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
+++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
@@ -2262,6 +2262,34 @@ static inline unsigned int uclamp_none(int clamp_id)

+ * clamp_util: clamp a utilization value for a specified CPU
+ * @rq: the CPU's RQ to get the clamp values from
+ * @util: the utilization signal to clamp
+ *
+ * Each CPU tracks util_{min,max} clamp values depending on the set of its
+ * currently RUNNABLE tasks. Given a utilization signal, i.e a signal in
+ * the [0..SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE] range, this function returns a clamped
+ * utilization signal considering the current clamp values for the
+ * specified CPU.
+ *
+ * Return: a clamped utilization signal for a given CPU.
+ */
+static inline unsigned int uclamp_util(struct rq *rq, unsigned int util)
+ unsigned int min_util = rq->uclamp.value[UCLAMP_MIN];
+ unsigned int max_util = rq->uclamp.value[UCLAMP_MAX];
+ return clamp(util, min_util, max_util);
+static inline unsigned int uclamp_util(struct rq *rq, unsigned int util)
+ return util;
+#endif /* CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK */
#ifdef arch_scale_freq_capacity
# ifndef arch_scale_freq_invariant
# define arch_scale_freq_invariant() true