[PATCH] mm: hwpoison: use do_send_sig_info() instead of force_sig()

From: Naoya Horiguchi
Date: Wed Jan 16 2019 - 02:59:27 EST

Currently memory_failure() is racy against process's exiting,
which results in kernel crash by null pointer dereference.

The root cause is that memory_failure() uses force_sig() to forcibly
kill asynchronous (meaning not in the current context) processes. As
discussed in thread https://lkml.org/lkml/2010/6/8/236 years ago for
OOM fixes, this is not a right thing to do. OOM solves this issue by
using do_send_sig_info() as done in commit d2d393099de2 ("signal:
oom_kill_task: use SEND_SIG_FORCED instead of force_sig()"), so this
patch is suggesting to do the same for hwpoison. do_send_sig_info()
properly accesses to siglock with lock_task_sighand(), so is free from
the reported race.

I confirmed that the reported bug reproduces with inserting some delay
in kill_procs(), and it never reproduces with this patch.

Note that memory_failure() can send another type of signal using
force_sig_mceerr(), and the reported race shouldn't happen on it
because force_sig_mceerr() is called only for synchronous processes
(i.e. BUS_MCEERR_AR happens only when some process accesses to the
corrupted memory.)

Reported-by: Jane Chu <jane.chu@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: stable@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
mm/memory-failure.c | 3 ++-
1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/mm/memory-failure.c b/mm/memory-failure.c
index 7c72f2a95785..831be5ff5f4d 100644
--- a/mm/memory-failure.c
+++ b/mm/memory-failure.c
@@ -372,7 +372,8 @@ static void kill_procs(struct list_head *to_kill, int forcekill, bool fail,
if (fail || tk->addr_valid == 0) {
pr_err("Memory failure: %#lx: forcibly killing %s:%d because of failure to unmap corrupted page\n",
pfn, tk->tsk->comm, tk->tsk->pid);
- force_sig(SIGKILL, tk->tsk);
+ do_send_sig_info(SIGKILL, SEND_SIG_PRIV,
+ tk->tsk, PIDTYPE_PID);