[PATCH v4] async: Add cmdline option to specify drivers to be async probed

From: Feng Tang
Date: Wed Jan 30 2019 - 21:43:35 EST

Asynchronous driver probing can help much on kernel fastboot, and
this option can provide a flexible way to optimize and quickly verify
async driver probe.

Also it will help in below cases:
* Some driver actually covers several families of HWs, some of which
could use async probing while others don't. So we can't simply
turn on the PROBE_PREFER_ASYNCHRONOUS flag in driver, but use this
cmdline option, like igb driver async patch discussed at

* For SOC (System on Chip) with multiple spi or i2c controllers, most
of the slave spi/i2c devices will be assigned with fixed controller
number, while async probing may make those controllers get different
index for each boot, which prevents those controller drivers to be
async probed. For platforms not using these spi/i2c slave devices,
they can use this cmdline option to benefit from the async probing.

Suggested-by: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Feng Tang <feng.tang@xxxxxxxxx>
Add description to kernel-parameters.txt and refine the
prink message, as suggested by Randy Dunlap

move the cmdline_requested_async_probing() into "default:"
part to enforce the PROBE_FORCE_SYNCHRONOUS check, as suggested
by Alexander Duyck

* change Alexander Duyck's email to alexander.h.duyck@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
* fix the parameter for strlcpy()

Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 4 ++++
drivers/base/dd.c | 24 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 28 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
index b799bcf..a5b2112 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -910,6 +910,10 @@
The filter can be disabled or changed to another
driver later using sysfs.

+ driver_async_probe= [KNL]
+ List of driver names to be probed asynchronously.
+ Format: <driver_name1>,<driver_name2>...
Broken monitors, graphic adapters, KVMs and EDIDless
panels may send no or incorrect EDID data sets.
diff --git a/drivers/base/dd.c b/drivers/base/dd.c
index 8ac10af..279204a 100644
--- a/drivers/base/dd.c
+++ b/drivers/base/dd.c
@@ -57,6 +57,10 @@ static atomic_t deferred_trigger_count = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
static struct dentry *deferred_devices;
static bool initcalls_done;

+/* Save the async probe drivers' name from kernel cmdline */
+static char async_probe_drv_names[ASYNC_DRV_NAMES_MAX_LEN];
* In some cases, like suspend to RAM or hibernation, It might be reasonable
* to prohibit probing of devices as it could be unsafe.
@@ -674,6 +678,23 @@ int driver_probe_device(struct device_driver *drv, struct device *dev)
return ret;

+static inline bool cmdline_requested_async_probing(const char *drv_name)
+ return parse_option_str(async_probe_drv_names, drv_name);
+/* The option format is "driver_async_probe=drv_name1,drv_name2,..." */
+static int __init save_async_options(char *buf)
+ if (strlen(buf) >= ASYNC_DRV_NAMES_MAX_LEN)
+ "Too long list of driver names for 'async_probe_drv_names'!\n");
+ strlcpy(async_probe_drv_names, buf, ASYNC_DRV_NAMES_MAX_LEN);
+ return 0;
+__setup("driver_async_probe=", save_async_options);
bool driver_allows_async_probing(struct device_driver *drv)
switch (drv->probe_type) {
@@ -684,6 +705,9 @@ bool driver_allows_async_probing(struct device_driver *drv)
return false;

+ if (cmdline_requested_async_probing(drv->name))
+ return true;
if (module_requested_async_probing(drv->owner))
return true;