[GIT PULL RESEND] pidfd changes for v5.1-rc1

From: Christian Brauner
Date: Tue Mar 12 2019 - 09:53:21 EST

Hi Linus,

This is a resend of the pull request for the pidfd_send_signal() syscall
which I sent last Tuesday. I'm not sure whether you just wanted to take a
closer look.

The following changes since commit f17b5f06cb92ef2250513a1e154c47b78df07d40:

Linux 5.0-rc4 (2019-01-27 15:18:05 -0800)

are available in the Git repository at:

git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/brauner/linux.git tags/pidfd-v5.1-rc1

The patchset introduces the ability to use file descriptors from proc/<pid>
as stable handles on struct pid. Even if a pid is recycled the handle will
not change. For a start these fds can be used to send signals to the
processes they refer to.

With the ability to use /proc/<pid> fds as stable handles on struct pid we
can fix a long-standing issue where after a process has exited its pid can
be reused by another process. If a caller sends a signal to a reused pid it
will end up signaling the wrong process.
With this patchset we enable a variety of use cases. One obvious example is
that we can now safely delegate an important part of process management -
sending signals - to processes other than the parent of a given process by
sending file descriptors around via scm rights and not fearing that the
given process will have been recycled in the meantime.
It also allows for easy testing whether a given process is still alive or
not by sending signal 0 to a pidfd which is quite handy.
There has been some interest in this feature e.g. from systems management
(systemd, glibc) and container managers. I have requested and gotten
comments from glibc to make sure that this syscall is suitable for their
needs as well. In the future I expect it to take on most other pid-based
signal syscalls. But such features are left for the future once they are

The patchset has been sitting in linux-next for quite a while and has
not caused any issues. It comes with selftests which verify basic
functionality and also test that a recycled pid cannot be signaled via a

Jon has written about a prior version of this patchset. It should cover the
basic functionality since not a lot has changed since then:


The commit message for the syscall itself is extensively documenting the
syscall, including it's functionality and extensibility.

/* Merge conflict and sycall number coordination */
Please note, there will be a merge conflict between the Jens' io_uring
patch set in the block tree and this tree. To minimize its impact Arnd
worked with Jens and me to coordinate syscall numbers in advance.
pidfd_send_signal() takes 424 and Jens' patchset took 425 to 427.

/* Separate tree on kernel.org */
At the beginning of last merge cycle it was suggested to move this patchset
into a separate tree on kernel.org as there will be more work coming that
will be extending the use of file descriptors for processes. The tree was
announced in January:


The pidfd tree is located on kernel.org


and it's for-next branch is already tracked by Stephen in linux-next since
the beginning of the 5.0 development cycle. I'm prepared to deal with any
fallouts coming from this work going forward.

The only thing that has changed recently in these patches was the addition
of two more Acked-by/Reviewed-by from David Howells and tglx after the
last round of reviews.

Please consider pulling these changes from the signed pidfd-v5.1-rc1 tag.


pidfd patches for v5.1-rc1

Christian Brauner (2):
signal: add pidfd_send_signal() syscall
selftests: add tests for pidfd_send_signal()

arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl | 1 +
arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl | 1 +
fs/proc/base.c | 9 +
include/linux/proc_fs.h | 6 +
include/linux/syscalls.h | 3 +
include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h | 4 +-
kernel/signal.c | 133 +++++++++-
kernel/sys_ni.c | 1 +
tools/testing/selftests/Makefile | 1 +
tools/testing/selftests/pidfd/Makefile | 6 +
tools/testing/selftests/pidfd/pidfd_test.c | 381 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
11 files changed, 539 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/pidfd/Makefile
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/pidfd/pidfd_test.c