Re: [PATCH bpf-next v1 4/7] tools: bpftool: implement map exec command
From: Jakub Kicinski
Date: Thu Mar 21 2019 - 16:16:14 EST
On Thu, 21 Mar 2019 10:57:32 +0100, Alban Crequy wrote:
> On Wed, Mar 20, 2019 at 10:23 PM Jakub Kicinski
> <jakub.kicinski@xxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> > On Wed, 20 Mar 2019 18:33:29 +0100, Alban Crequy wrote:
> > > From: Alban Crequy <alban@xxxxxxxxxx>
> > >
> > > The map exec commands allows to open an existing map and pass the file
> > > descriptor to a child process. This enables applications to use an
> > > existing BPF map even when they don't support bpffs.
> > >
> > > Example of usage:
> > > # bpftool map exec pinned /sys/fs/bpf/foo fd 99 cmd -- readlink /proc/self/fd/99
> > > anon_inode:bpf-map
> > Would you mind telling us a little more about the use for this feature?
> > It seems fairly limited. If it's about probing objects (finding out if
> > they are a map or a program) perhaps we can add a command just for that?
> I needed to know the name of the map too. I was preparing a demo based
> on python bcc tools (opensnoop) but with added feature that requires
> using a pinned map, created and maintained externally. At the moment,
> the python API for bcc does not support pinning or using external
> maps. Ideally, this should be added in the python API (some discussion
> on https://github.com/iovisor/bcc/issues/2223) but meanwhile, I use a
> workaround by executing bpftool from the python code.
> Arguably, my use case is a temporary hack until we have better support
> in python bcc. But other tools implements similar commands to pass
> file descriptors between processes: "ip netns exec" and "tc exec bpf".
> So I think it could be useful for other scripting use cases.
The thing is the receiver of the FD has to be bpf-aware, because there
isn't really much one can do with that file descriptor, in which case
it's kind of strange that the receiver doesn't know how to open a
> In my demo, I used the two hacks:
> - if the pinned map fd is not given to the python script, re-execute
> itself with bpftool:
> os.execvp("bpftool", ["bpftool", "map", "exec", "pinned", pin_path,
> "fd", "90", "cmd", "--"] + sys.argv)
> - once we have the fd 90 (number specified above) of the pinned map in
> the python script, overwrite the empty fd created by bcc:
> os.dup2(90, 6)
> I call dup2() between the bpf map creation and the bpf program
> creation. To check which map fd to overwrite, I just call
> os.system("bpftool map show fd 6...").
I see, thanks for the explanation. That does indeed seems like a hack.
> Thanks a lot for the reviews. I'll need some time to address it (maybe
> a week or 2).
> > (I guess bpftool -f isn't really the cleanest way of getting at that
> > info.)
> > > Documentation and bash completion updated as well.
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Alban Crequy <alban@xxxxxxxxxx>