Re: [PATCH 1/4] glibc: Perform rseq(2) registration at C startup and thread creation (v7)
From: Mathieu Desnoyers
Date: Thu Apr 18 2019 - 14:58:25 EST
----- On Apr 4, 2019, at 5:41 PM, Paul Burton paul.burton@xxxxxxxx wrote:
>> 2a. A uncommon TRAP hopefully with some immediate data encoded (maybe uncommon)
> Our break instruction has a 19b immediate in nanoMIPS (20b for microMIPS
> & classic MIPS) so that could be something like:
> break 0x7273 # ASCII 'rs'
I like this uncommon break instruction as signature choice.
However, if I try to compile assembler with a break 0x7273 instruction
with mips64 and mips32 toolchains (gcc version 8.2.0 (Ubuntu 8.2.0-1ubuntu2~18.04))
/tmp/ccVh9F7T.s: Assembler messages:
/tmp/ccVh9F7T.s:24: Error: operand 1 out of range `break 0x7273'
It works up to the value 0x3FF, which seems to use the top 10
a: 03ff 0007 break 0x3ff
Would a "break 0x350" be a good choice as well ?
Any idea why 0x7273 is not accepted by my assembler ?
I also tried crafting the assembler with values between 0x3FF and 0x7273
in the 20 code bits. It seems fine from an objdump perspective:
10: 003f ffc7 break 0x3f,0x3ff
What I don't understand is why the instruction generated by my
toolchain ends with the last 6 bits "000111", whereas the mips32
instruction set specifies break as ending with "001101" .
What am I missing ?
Also, the nanomips break code  has a completely different
instruction layout. Should we use a different signature when
compiling for nanomips ? What #ifdef should we use ? Do I
need a special toolchain to generate nanomips binaries ?