Re: [PATCH v2 00/17] kunit: introduce KUnit, the Linux kernel unit testing framework

From: Frank Rowand
Date: Fri May 10 2019 - 17:54:27 EST

On 5/9/19 3:20 PM, Logan Gunthorpe wrote:
> On 2019-05-09 3:42 p.m., Theodore Ts'o wrote:
>> On Thu, May 09, 2019 at 11:12:12AM -0700, Frank Rowand wrote:
>>> ÂÂÂ "My understanding is that the intent of KUnit is to avoid booting a kernel on
>>>  real hardware or in a virtual machine. That seems to be a matter of semantics
>>> ÂÂÂ to me because isn't invoking a UML Linux just running the Linux kernel in
>>> ÂÂÂ a different form of virtualization?
>>> ÂÂÂ So I do not understand why KUnit is an improvement over kselftest.
>>> ÂÂ ...
>>> What am I missing?"
>> One major difference: kselftest requires a userspace environment;
>> it starts systemd, requires a root file system from which you can
>> load modules, etc. Kunit doesn't require a root file system;
>> doesn't require that you start systemd; doesn't allow you to run
>> arbitrary perl, python, bash, etc. scripts. As such, it's much
>> lighter weight than kselftest, and will have much less overhead
>> before you can start running tests. So it's not really the same
>> kind of virtualization.

I'm back to reply to this subthread, after a delay, as promised.

> I largely agree with everything Ted has said in this thread, but I
> wonder if we are conflating two different ideas that is causing an
> impasse. From what I see, Kunit actually provides two different
> things:

> 1) An execution environment that can be run very quickly in userspace
> on tests in the kernel source. This speeds up the tests and gives a
> lot of benefit to developers using those tests because they can get
> feedback on their code changes a *lot* quicker.

kselftest in-kernel tests provide exactly the same when the tests are
configured as "built-in" code instead of as modules.

> 2) A framework to write unit tests that provides a lot of the same
> facilities as other common unit testing frameworks from userspace
> (ie. a runner that runs a list of tests and a bunch of helpers such
> as KUNIT_EXPECT_* to simplify test passes and failures).

> The first item from Kunit is novel and I see absolutely no overlap
> with anything kselftest does. It's also the valuable thing I'd like
> to see merged and grow.

The first item exists in kselftest.

> The second item, arguably, does have significant overlap with
> kselftest. Whether you are running short tests in a light weight UML
> environment or higher level tests in an heavier VM the two could be
> using the same framework for writing or defining in-kernel tests. It
> *may* also be valuable for some people to be able to run all the UML
> tests in the heavy VM environment along side other higher level
> tests.
> Looking at the selftests tree in the repo, we already have similar
> items to what Kunit is adding as I described in point (2) above.
> kselftest_harness.h contains macros like EXPECT_* and ASSERT_* with
> very similar intentions to the new KUNIT_EXECPT_* and KUNIT_ASSERT_*
> macros.

I might be wrong here because I have not dug deeply enough into the
code!!! Does this framework apply to the userspace tests, the
in-kernel tests, or both? My "not having dug enough GUESS" is that
these are for the user space tests (although if so, they could be
extended for in-kernel use also).

So I think this one maybe does not have an overlap between KUnit
and kselftest.

> However, the number of users of this harness appears to be quite
> small. Most of the code in the selftests tree seems to be a random
> mismash of scripts and userspace code so it's not hard to see it as
> something completely different from the new Kunit:
> $ git grep --files-with-matches kselftest_harness.h *
> Documentation/dev-tools/kselftest.rst
> tools/testing/selftests/kselftest_harness.h
> tools/testing/selftests/net/tls.c
> tools/testing/selftests/rtc/rtctest.c
> tools/testing/selftests/seccomp/Makefile
> tools/testing/selftests/seccomp/seccomp_bpf.c
> tools/testing/selftests/uevent/Makefile
> tools/testing/selftests/uevent/uevent_filtering.c

> Thus, I can personally see a lot of value in integrating the kunit
> test framework with this kselftest harness. There's only a small
> number of users of the kselftest harness today, so one way or another
> it seems like getting this integrated early would be a good idea.
> Letting Kunit and Kselftests progress independently for a few years
> will only make this worse and may become something we end up
> regretting.

Yes, this I agree with.


> Logan