Re: [PATCH v6 5/6] binfmt_*: scope path resolution of interpreters

From: Christian Brauner
Date: Sun May 12 2019 - 06:21:14 EST

On Sat, May 11, 2019 at 07:08:49PM -0400, Linus Torvalds wrote:
> [ on mobile again, power is off and the wifi doesn't work, so I'm reading
> email on my phone and apologizing once more for horrible html email.. ]
> On Sat, May 11, 2019, 18:40 Andy Lutomirski <luto@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> >
> > a) Change all my UIDs and GIDs to match a container, enter that
> > container's namespaces, and run some binary in the container's

For the namespace part, an idea I had and presented at LPC a while ago
was to make setns() interpret the nstype argument as a flag argument and
to introduce an fd that can refer to multiple namespaces at the same
time. This way you could do:


that could still be done. But I since have come to think that there's a
better way now that we have CLONE_PIDFD. We should just make setns()
take a pidfd as argument and then be able to call:

setns(pidfd, 0);

which would cause the calling thread to join all of the namespaces of
the process referred to by pidfd at the same time. That really shouldn't
be hard to do. I could probably get this going rather quickly and it
would really help out container managers a lot.

> > filesystem, all atomically enough that I don't need to worry about
> > accidentally leaking privileges into the container. A
> > super-duper-non-dumpable mode would kind of allow this, but I'd worry
> > that there's some other hole besides ptrace() and /proc/self.
> >
> So I would expect that you'd want to do this even *without* doing an execve
> at all, which is why I still don't think this is actually about
> spawn/execve at all.
> But I agree that what you that what you want sounds reasonable. But I think

I have pitched an api like that a while ago (see [1]) - when I first
started this fd for processes thing - that would allow you to do things
like that. The gist was:

1. int pidfd_create aka CLONE_PIDFD now
will return an fd that creates a process context. The fd returned by
does not refer to any existing process and has not actually been
started yet. So non-configuration operations on it or trying to
interact with it would fail with e.g. ESRCH/EINVAL.

We essentially have this now with CLONE_PIDFD. The bit that is missing
is an "unscheduled" process.

2. int pidfd_config
takes a CLONE_PIDFD and can be used to configure a process context
before it is alive.
Some things that I would like to be able to do with this syscall are:
- configure signals
- set clone flags
- write idmappings if the process runs in a new user namespace
- configure what happens when all procfds referring to the process are gone
- ...
3. int pidfd_info
4. int pidfd_manage
Parts of that are captured in pidfd_send_signal().

Just to get a very rough feel for this without detailing parameters right now:

/* process should have own mountns */
pidfd_config(fd, PROC_SET_NAMESPACE, CLONE_NEWNS | CLONE_NEWPID | CLONE_NEWUSR, <potentially additional arguments>)

/* process should get SIGKILL when all procfds are closed */
pidfd_config(fd, PROC_SET_CLOSE, SIGKILL, <potentially additional arguments>)

After the caller is done configuring the process there would be a final step:

pidfd_config(fd, PROC_CREATE, 0, <potentially additional arguments>)

which would create the process and (either as return value or through a
parameter) return the pid of the newly created process.

I had more thoughts on this and had started prototyping some of it but
then there wasn't much interest it seemed. Maybe because it's crazy.


> the "dumpable" flag has always been a complete hack, and very unreliable
> with random meanings (and random ways to then get around it).
> We have actually had lots of people wanting to run "lists of system calls"
> kinds of things. Sometimes for performance reasons, sometimes for other
> random reasons Maybe that "atomicity" angle would be another one, although
> we would have to make the setuid etc things be something that happens at
> the end.
> So rather than "spawn", is much rather see people think about ways to just
> batch operations in general, rather than think it is about batching things
> just before a process change.
> b) Change all my UIDs and GIDs to match a container, enter that
> > container's namespaces, and run some binary that is *not* in the
> > container's filesystem.
> >
> Hey, you could probably do something very close to that by opening the
> executable you want to run first, making it O_CLOEXEC, then doing all the
> other things (which now makes the executable inaccessible), and finally
> doing execveat() on the file descriptor..

I think that's somewhat similar to what I've suggested above.

> I say "something very close" because even though it's O_CLOEXEC, only the
> file would be closed, and /proc/self/exe would still exist.
> But we really could make that execveat of a O_CLOEXEC file thing also
> disable access to /proc/*/exe, and it sounds like a sane and simple
> extension in general to do..
> Linus
> >