[PATCH 3.16 79/86] cpu/speculation: Add 'mitigations=' cmdline option

From: Ben Hutchings
Date: Thu May 16 2019 - 12:01:36 EST

3.16.68-rc1 review patch. If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@xxxxxxxxxx>

commit 98af8452945c55652de68536afdde3b520fec429 upstream.

Keeping track of the number of mitigations for all the CPU speculation
bugs has become overwhelming for many users. It's getting more and more
complicated to decide which mitigations are needed for a given
architecture. Complicating matters is the fact that each arch tends to
have its own custom way to mitigate the same vulnerability.

Most users fall into a few basic categories:

a) they want all mitigations off;

b) they want all reasonable mitigations on, with SMT enabled even if
it's vulnerable; or

c) they want all reasonable mitigations on, with SMT disabled if

Define a set of curated, arch-independent options, each of which is an
aggregation of existing options:

- mitigations=off: Disable all mitigations.

- mitigations=auto: [default] Enable all the default mitigations, but
leave SMT enabled, even if it's vulnerable.

- mitigations=auto,nosmt: Enable all the default mitigations, disabling
SMT if needed by a mitigation.

Currently, these options are placeholders which don't actually do
anything. They will be fleshed out in upcoming patches.

Signed-off-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@xxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Tested-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@xxxxxxx> (on x86)
Reviewed-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@xxxxxxx>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: "H . Peter Anvin" <hpa@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jikos@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Waiman Long <longman@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Jon Masters <jcm@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: linuxppc-dev@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: linux-s390@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@xxxxxxx>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@xxxxxxx>
Cc: linux-arm-kernel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Cc: linux-arch@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Tyler Hicks <tyhicks@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Steven Price <steven.price@xxxxxxx>
Cc: Phil Auld <pauld@xxxxxxxxxx>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/b07a8ef9b7c5055c3a4637c87d07c296d5016fe0.1555085500.git.jpoimboe@xxxxxxxxxx
[bwh: Backported to 3.16:
- Drop the auto,nosmt option which we can't support
- Adjust filename]
Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
--- a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -1906,6 +1906,25 @@ bytes respectively. Such letter suffixes
in the "bleeding edge" mini2440 support kernel at

+ mitigations=
+ Control optional mitigations for CPU vulnerabilities.
+ This is a set of curated, arch-independent options, each
+ of which is an aggregation of existing arch-specific
+ options.
+ off
+ Disable all optional CPU mitigations. This
+ improves system performance, but it may also
+ expose users to several CPU vulnerabilities.
+ auto (default)
+ Mitigate all CPU vulnerabilities, but leave SMT
+ enabled, even if it's vulnerable. This is for
+ users who don't want to be surprised by SMT
+ getting disabled across kernel upgrades, or who
+ have other ways of avoiding SMT-based attacks.
+ This is the default behavior.
parameter allows control of the logging verbosity for
--- a/include/linux/cpu.h
+++ b/include/linux/cpu.h
@@ -277,4 +277,21 @@ void arch_cpu_idle_enter(void);
void arch_cpu_idle_exit(void);
void arch_cpu_idle_dead(void);

+ * These are used for a global "mitigations=" cmdline option for toggling
+ * optional CPU mitigations.
+ */
+enum cpu_mitigations {
+extern enum cpu_mitigations cpu_mitigations;
+/* mitigations=off */
+static inline bool cpu_mitigations_off(void)
+ return cpu_mitigations == CPU_MITIGATIONS_OFF;
#endif /* _LINUX_CPU_H_ */
--- a/kernel/cpu.c
+++ b/kernel/cpu.c
@@ -795,3 +795,16 @@ void init_cpu_online(const struct cpumas
cpumask_copy(to_cpumask(cpu_online_bits), src);
+enum cpu_mitigations cpu_mitigations = CPU_MITIGATIONS_AUTO;
+static int __init mitigations_parse_cmdline(char *arg)
+ if (!strcmp(arg, "off"))
+ cpu_mitigations = CPU_MITIGATIONS_OFF;
+ else if (!strcmp(arg, "auto"))
+ cpu_mitigations = CPU_MITIGATIONS_AUTO;
+ return 0;
+early_param("mitigations", mitigations_parse_cmdline);