Re: [PATCH 3/4] vsock/virtio: fix flush of works during the .remove()

From: Jason Wang
Date: Thu May 30 2019 - 08:02:59 EST

On 2019/5/30 äå6:10, Stefano Garzarella wrote:
On Thu, May 30, 2019 at 05:46:18PM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
On 2019/5/29 äå6:58, Stefano Garzarella wrote:
On Wed, May 29, 2019 at 11:22:40AM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
On 2019/5/28 äå6:56, Stefano Garzarella wrote:
We flush all pending works before to call vdev->config->reset(vdev),
but other works can be queued before the vdev->config->del_vqs(vdev),
so we add another flush after it, to avoid use after free.

Suggested-by: Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@xxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Stefano Garzarella <sgarzare@xxxxxxxxxx>
net/vmw_vsock/virtio_transport.c | 23 +++++++++++++++++------
1 file changed, 17 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/net/vmw_vsock/virtio_transport.c b/net/vmw_vsock/virtio_transport.c
index e694df10ab61..ad093ce96693 100644
--- a/net/vmw_vsock/virtio_transport.c
+++ b/net/vmw_vsock/virtio_transport.c
@@ -660,6 +660,15 @@ static int virtio_vsock_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
return ret;
+static void virtio_vsock_flush_works(struct virtio_vsock *vsock)
+ flush_work(&vsock->loopback_work);
+ flush_work(&vsock->rx_work);
+ flush_work(&vsock->tx_work);
+ flush_work(&vsock->event_work);
+ flush_work(&vsock->send_pkt_work);
static void virtio_vsock_remove(struct virtio_device *vdev)
struct virtio_vsock *vsock = vdev->priv;
@@ -668,12 +677,6 @@ static void virtio_vsock_remove(struct virtio_device *vdev)
the_virtio_vsock = NULL;
- flush_work(&vsock->loopback_work);
- flush_work(&vsock->rx_work);
- flush_work(&vsock->tx_work);
- flush_work(&vsock->event_work);
- flush_work(&vsock->send_pkt_work);
/* Reset all connected sockets when the device disappear */
@@ -690,6 +693,9 @@ static void virtio_vsock_remove(struct virtio_device *vdev)
vsock->event_run = false;
+ /* Flush all pending works */
+ virtio_vsock_flush_works(vsock);
/* Flush all device writes and interrupts, device will not use any
* more buffers.
@@ -726,6 +732,11 @@ static void virtio_vsock_remove(struct virtio_device *vdev)
/* Delete virtqueues and flush outstanding callbacks if any */
+ /* Other works can be queued before 'config->del_vqs()', so we flush
+ * all works before to free the vsock object to avoid use after free.
+ */
+ virtio_vsock_flush_works(vsock);
Some questions after a quick glance:

1) It looks to me that the work could be queued from the path of
vsock_transport_cancel_pkt() . Is that synchronized here?

Both virtio_transport_send_pkt() and vsock_transport_cancel_pkt() can
queue work from the upper layer (socket).

Setting the_virtio_vsock to NULL, should synchronize, but after a careful look
a rare issue could happen:
we are setting the_virtio_vsock to NULL at the start of .remove() and we
are freeing the object pointed by it at the end of .remove(), so
virtio_transport_send_pkt() or vsock_transport_cancel_pkt() may still be
running, accessing the object that we are freed.

Yes, that's my point.

Should I use something like RCU to prevent this issue?

virtio_transport_send_pkt() and vsock_transport_cancel_pkt()
vsock = rcu_dereference(the_virtio_vsock_mutex);

RCU is probably a way to go. (Like what vhost_transport_send_pkt() did).

Okay, I'm going this way.


rcu_assign_pointer(the_virtio_vsock_mutex, NULL);



Could there be a better approach?

2) If we decide to flush after dev_vqs(), is tx_run/rx_run/event_run still
needed? It looks to me we've already done except that we need flush rx_work
in the end since send_pkt_work can requeue rx_work.
The main reason of tx_run/rx_run/event_run is to prevent that a worker
function is running while we are calling config->reset().

E.g. if an interrupt comes between virtio_vsock_flush_works() and
config->reset(), it can queue new works that can access the device while
we are in config->reset().

IMHO they are still needed.

What do you think?

I mean could we simply do flush after reset once and without tx_rx/rx_run



My only doubt is:
is it safe to call config->reset() while a worker function could access
the device?

I had this doubt reading the Michael's advice[1] and looking at
virtnet_remove() where there are these lines before the config->reset():

/* Make sure no work handler is accessing the device. */



Good point. Then I agree with you. But if we can use the RCU to detect the detach of device from socket for these, it would be even better.