Re: [PATCH v2] USB: Disable USB2 LPM at shutdown

From: Kai-Heng Feng
Date: Sat Jun 08 2019 - 05:26:42 EST

at 22:17, Alan Stern <stern@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:

On Thu, 6 Jun 2019, Kai-Heng Feng wrote:

at 15:55, Kai-Heng Feng <kai.heng.feng@xxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:

at 18:22, Kai-Heng Feng <kai.heng.feng@xxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:

at 00:01, Kai-Heng Feng <kai.heng.feng@xxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:

On Jan 30, 2019, at 16:21, Greg KH <gregkh@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:

On Thu, Jan 24, 2019 at 02:16:43PM +0800, Kai-Heng Feng wrote:
The QCA Rome USB Bluetooth controller has several issues once LPM gets
- Fails to get enumerated in coldboot. [1]
- Drains more power (~ 0.2W) when the system is in S5. [2]
- Disappears after a warmboot. [2]

The issue happens because the device lingers at LPM L1 in S5, so device
can't get enumerated even after a reboot.

Disable LPM at shutdown to solve the issue.


Signed-off-by: Kai-Heng Feng <kai.heng.feng@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
v2: Use new LPM helpers.

drivers/usb/core/port.c | 9 +++++++++
1 file changed, 9 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/usb/core/port.c b/drivers/usb/core/port.c
index 1a06a4b5fbb1..bbbb35fa639f 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/core/port.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/core/port.c
@@ -285,6 +285,14 @@ static int usb_port_runtime_suspend(struct
device *dev)

+static void usb_port_shutdown(struct device *dev)
+ struct usb_port *port_dev = to_usb_port(dev);
+ if (port_dev->child)
+ usb_disable_usb2_hardware_lpm(port_dev->child);
static const struct dev_pm_ops usb_port_pm_ops = {
#ifdef CONFIG_PM
.runtime_suspend = usb_port_runtime_suspend,
@@ -301,6 +309,7 @@ struct device_type usb_port_device_type = {
static struct device_driver usb_port_driver = {
.name = "usb",
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ .shutdown = usb_port_shutdown,

So you now do this for all ports in the system, no matter what is
plugged in or not. Are you _SURE_ you want to do that? It seems like a
big hammer to solve just one single device's problems.

Yes I think this should be universally applied.

I donât think the bug only happens to one device. Users wonât find this
unless they connect their laptop to a power meter.

Platform may not completely cut off USB bus power during shutdown,
so the device transits to L1 after system shutdown. Now xHC is disabled
so nothing can bring it back to L0 or L2.

It would be great if someone can come up with better ideas.

We can also use other approaches, but currently this is the only way I
can think of.

Alan and Mathias,

It would be great if you can review this patch, or give me some suggestion.

Can I get some advice here?
I really think disabling LPM should be universally applied.


I agree with Kai-Heng, this seems like a fairly light-weight solution
to a reasonable problem.

Thanks for your review.

As to the issue of how much it will slow down system shutdowns, I have
no idea. Probably not very much, unless somebody has an unusually
large number of USB devices plugged in, but only testing can give a
real answer.

In addition to that, only USB2 devices that enable LPM will slow down shutdown process.
Right now only internally connected USB2 devices enable LPM, so the numbers are even lower.

I suppose we could add an HCD flag for host controllers which require
this workaround. Either way, it's probably not a very big deal.

IMO this is not necessary. Only xHCI that reports hw_lpm_support will be affected. At least for PC, this only became true after Whiskey Lake.


Alan Stern