Re: [RFC next v1 5/5] arm64: dts: meson: g12a: x96-max: fix the Ethernet PHY reset line

From: Martin Blumenstingl
Date: Sun Jun 09 2019 - 17:41:02 EST

Hi Linus,

On Sun, Jun 9, 2019 at 11:17 PM Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> On Sun, Jun 9, 2019 at 8:06 PM Martin Blumenstingl
> <martin.blumenstingl@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> > The PHY reset line and interrupt line are swapped on the X96 Max
> > compared to the Odroid-N2 schematics. This means:
> > - GPIOZ_14 is the interrupt line (on the Odroid-N2 it's the reset line)
> > - GPIOZ_15 is the reset line (on the Odroid-N2 it's the interrupt line)
> >
> > Also the GPIOZ_14 and GPIOZ_15 pins are special. The datasheet describes
> > that they are "3.3V input tolerant open drain (OD) output pins". This
> > means the GPIO controller can drive the output LOW to reset the PHY. To
> > release the reset it can only switch the pin to input mode. The output
> > cannot be driven HIGH for these pins.
> > This requires configuring the reset line as GPIO_OPEN_SOURCE because
> > otherwise the PHY will be stuck in "reset" state (because driving the
> > pin HIGH seeems to result in the same signal as driving it LOW).
> This far it seems all right.
...except the "seeems" typo which I just noticed.
thank you for sanity-checking this so far!

> > Switch to GPIOZ_15 for the reset GPIO with the correct flags and drop
> > the "snps,reset-active-low" property as this is now encoded in the
> Open source doesn't imply active low.
> We have this in stmmac_mdio_reset():
> gpio_direction_output(data->reset_gpio,
> data->active_low ? 1 : 0);
> if (data->delays[0])
> msleep(DIV_ROUND_UP(data->delays[0], 1000));
> gpio_set_value(data->reset_gpio, data->active_low ? 0 : 1);
> if (data->delays[1])
> msleep(DIV_ROUND_UP(data->delays[1], 1000));
> gpio_set_value(data->reset_gpio, data->active_low ? 1 : 0);
> if (data->delays[2])
> msleep(DIV_ROUND_UP(data->delays[2], 1000));
> If "snps,reset-active-low" was set it results in the sequence 1, 0, 1
> if it is not set it results in the sequence 0, 1, 0.
I'm changing this logic with earlier patches of this series.
can you please look at these as well because GPIO_OPEN_SOURCE doesn't
work with the old version of stmmac_mdio_reset() that you are showing.

> The high (reset) is asserted by switching the pin into high-z open drain
> mode, which happens by switching the line into input mode in some
> cases.
> I think the real reason it works now is that reset is actually active high.
let me write down what I definitely know so far

the RTL8211F PHY wants the reset line to be LOW for a few milliseconds
to put it into reset mode.
driving the reset line HIGH again takes it out of reset.

Odroid-N2's schematics [0] (page 30) shows that there's a pull-up for
the PHYRSTB pin, which is also connected to the NRST signal which is

> It makes a lot of sense, since if it resets the device when set as input
> (open drain) it holds all devices on that line in reset, which is likely
> what you want as most GPIOs come up as inputs (open drain).
> A pull-up resistor will ascertain that the devices are in reset.
my understanding is that the pull-up resistor holds it out of reset
driving GPIOZ_15's (open drain) output LOW pulls the signal to ground
and asserts the reset

> Other than the commit message:
> Reviewed-by: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@xxxxxxxxxx>
thank you for looking into this!