[PATCH 4.14 20/45] perf/ring_buffer: Add ordering to rb->nest increment

From: Greg Kroah-Hartman
Date: Thu Jun 20 2019 - 14:24:19 EST

[ Upstream commit 3f9fbe9bd86c534eba2faf5d840fd44c6049f50e ]

Similar to how decrementing rb->next too early can cause data_head to
(temporarily) be observed to go backward, so too can this happen when
we increment too late.

This barrier() ensures the rb->head load happens after the increment,
both the one in the 'goto again' path, as the one from
perf_output_get_handle() -- albeit very unlikely to matter for the

Suggested-by: Yabin Cui <yabinc@xxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Stephane Eranian <eranian@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Vince Weaver <vincent.weaver@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: acme@xxxxxxxxxx
Cc: mark.rutland@xxxxxxx
Cc: namhyung@xxxxxxxxxx
Fixes: ef60777c9abd ("perf: Optimize the perf_output() path by removing IRQ-disables")
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190517115418.309516009@xxxxxxxxxxxxx
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@xxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@xxxxxxxxxx>
kernel/events/ring_buffer.c | 9 +++++++++
1 file changed, 9 insertions(+)

diff --git a/kernel/events/ring_buffer.c b/kernel/events/ring_buffer.c
index fde853270c09..aef2af80a927 100644
--- a/kernel/events/ring_buffer.c
+++ b/kernel/events/ring_buffer.c
@@ -49,6 +49,15 @@ static void perf_output_put_handle(struct perf_output_handle *handle)
unsigned long head;

+ /*
+ * In order to avoid publishing a head value that goes backwards,
+ * we must ensure the load of @rb->head happens after we've
+ * incremented @rb->nest.
+ *
+ * Otherwise we can observe a @rb->head value before one published
+ * by an IRQ/NMI happening between the load and the increment.
+ */
+ barrier();
head = local_read(&rb->head);