Re: [RFC PATCH 00/11] tracing: of: Boot time tracing using devicetree
From: Masami Hiramatsu
Date: Tue Jun 25 2019 - 01:00:13 EST
On Mon, 24 Jun 2019 15:31:07 -0700
Frank Rowand <frowand.list@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> >>> Currently, kernel support boot-time tracing using kernel command-line
> >>> parameters. But that is very limited because of limited expressions
> >>> and limited length of command line. Recently, useful features like
> >>> histogram, synthetic events, etc. are being added to ftrace, but it is
> >>> clear that we can not expand command-line options to support these
> >>> features.
> >> "it is clear that we can not expand command-line options" needs a fuller
> >> explanation. And maybe further exploration.
> > Indeed. As an example of tracing settings in the first mail, even for simple
> > use-case, the trace command is long and complicated. I think it is hard to
> > express that as 1-liner kernel command line. But devicetree looks very good
> > for expressing structured data. That is great and I like it :)
> But you could extend the command line paradigm to meet your needs.
But the kernel command line is a command line. Would you mean encoding the
structured setting in binary format with base64 and pass it? :(
> >> Devicetree is NOT for configuration information. This has been discussed
> >> over and over again in mail lists, at various conferences, and was also an
> >> entire session at plumbers a few years ago:
> >> https://elinux.org/Device_tree_future#Linux_Plumbers_2016_Device_Tree_Track
> > Thanks, I'll check that.
I found following discussion in etherpad log, https://elinux.org/Device_tree_plumbers_2016_etherpad
If you have data that the kernel does not have a good way to get, that's OK to put into DT.
Operating points are OK - but should still be structured well.
This sounds like if it is structured well, and there are no other way,
we will be able to use DT as a channel.
> >> There is one part of device tree that does allow non-hardware description,
> >> which is the "chosen" node which is provided to allow communication between
> >> the bootloader and the kernel.
> > Ah, "chosen" will be suit for me :)
> No. This is not communicating boot loader information.
Hmm, it's a kind of communication with the operator of the boot loader, since there
is an admin or developer behind it. I think the comminication is to communicate
with that human. Then if they intend to trace boot process, that is a kind of
> >>> - Can we use devicetree for configuring kernel dynamically?
> >> No. Sorry.
> >> My understanding of this proposal is that it is intended to better
> >> support boot time kernel and driver debugging. As an alternate
> >> implementation, could you compile the ftrace configuration information
> >> directly into a kernel data structure? It seems like it would not be
> >> very difficult to populate the data structure data via a few macros.
> > No, that is not what I intended. My intention was to trace boot up
> > process "without recompiling kernel", but with a structured data.
> That is debugging. Or if you want to be pedantic, a complex performance
> measurement of the boot process (more than holding a stopwatch in your
Yeah, that's right.
> Recompiling a single object file (containing the ftrace command data)
> and re-linking the kernel is not a big price in that context).
No, if I can use DT, I can choose one of them while boot up.
That will be a big difference.
(Of course for that purpose, I should work on boot loader to support
> Or if
> you create a new communication channel, you will have the cost of
> creating that data object (certainly not much different than compiling
> a devicetree) and have the bootloader provide the ftrace data object
> to the kernel.
Yes, and for me, that sounds like just a reinvention of the wheel.
If I can reuse devicetree infrastructure, it is easily done (as I
implemented in this series. It's just about 500LOC (and YAML document)
I can clone drivers/of/ code only for that new communication channel,
but that makes no one happy. :(
> > For such purpose, we have to implement a tool to parse and pack the
> > data and a channel to load it at earlier stage in bootloader. And
> > those are already done by devicetree. Thus I thought I could get a
> > piggyback on devicetree.
> Devicetree is not the universal dumping ground for communicating
> information to a booting kernel. Please create another communication
Why should we so limit the availability of even a small corner of existing
open source software...?
Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@xxxxxxxxxx>