Re: [PATCH v7 3/5] mtd: Add support for HyperBus memory devices
From: Vignesh Raghavendra
Date: Wed Jun 26 2019 - 02:00:48 EST
On 26/06/19 6:46 AM, masonccyang@xxxxxxxxxxx wrote:
> Hi Vignesh,
>> [PATCH v7 3/5] mtd: Add support for HyperBus memory devices
>> Cypress' HyperBus is Low Signal Count, High Performance Double Data Rate
>> Bus interface between a host system master and one or more slave
>> interfaces. HyperBus is used to connect microprocessor, microcontroller,
>> or ASIC devices with random access NOR flash memory (called HyperFlash)
>> or self refresh DRAM (called HyperRAM).
>> Its a 8-bit data bus (DQ[7:0]) with Read-Write Data Strobe (RWDS)
>> signal and either Single-ended clock(3.0V parts) or Differential clock
>> (1.8V parts). It uses ChipSelect lines to select b/w multiple slaves.
>> At bus level, it follows a separate protocol described in HyperBus
>> HyperFlash follows CFI AMD/Fujitsu Extended Command Set (0x0002) similar
>> to that of existing parallel NORs. Since HyperBus is x8 DDR bus,
>> its equivalent to x16 parallel NOR flash wrt bits per clock cycle. But
>> HyperBus operates at >166MHz frequencies.
>> HyperRAM provides direct random read/write access to flash memory
>> But, HyperBus memory controllers seem to abstract implementation details
>> and expose a simple MMIO interface to access connected flash.
>> Add support for registering HyperFlash devices with MTD framework. MTD
>> maps framework along with CFI chip support framework are used to support
>> communicating with flash.
>> Framework is modelled along the lines of spi-nor framework. HyperBus
>> memory controller (HBMC) drivers calls hyperbus_register_device() to
>> register a single HyperFlash device. HyperFlash core parses MMIO access
>> information from DT, sets up the map_info struct, probes CFI flash and
>> registers it with MTD framework.
>> Some HBMC masters need calibration/training sequence to be carried
>> out, in order for DLL inside the controller to lock, by reading a known
>> string/pattern. This is done by repeatedly reading CFI Query
>> Identification String. Calibration needs to be done before trying to
>> flash as part of CFI flash probe.
>> HyperRAM is not supported at the moment.
>> HyperBus specification can be found at
>> HyperFlash datasheet can be found at
>>  https://www.cypress.com/file/213356/download
>>  https://www.cypress.com/file/213346/download
>>  http://www.ti.com/lit/ug/spruid7b/spruid7b.pdf
>> Table 12-5741. HyperFlash Access Sequence
>> Signed-off-by: Vignesh Raghavendra <vigneshr@xxxxxx>
> Cypress has announced the inclusion of Cypressâ high-bandwidth
> HyperBusâ 8-bit serial memory interface into the new eXpanded SPI (xSPI)
> electrical interface standard from the JEDEC Solid State Technology
> for detail, please goes to
Thanks for the link!
Announcement seems to be from March 2018 since then Cypress has
published detailed HyperBus protocol in public domain . Comparing JEDEC
xSPI specification and HyperBus protocol that Cypress has published,
they seem to be following 8D-8D-8D Profile 2.0 with Extended Command
Modifier of JEDEC xSPI spec.
Did you see anything missing/different?
I need to study xSPI spec in more detail, but seems like as long as we
support HyperBus Protocol spec from Cypress we should be safe.