Re: [PATCH V33 24/30] bpf: Restrict bpf when kernel lockdown is in confidentiality mode

From: Stephen Smalley
Date: Thu Jun 27 2019 - 10:36:00 EST

On 6/26/19 8:57 PM, Andy Lutomirski wrote:

On Jun 26, 2019, at 1:22 PM, James Morris <jmorris@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:

[Adding the LSM mailing list: missed this patchset initially]

On Thu, 20 Jun 2019, Andy Lutomirski wrote:

This patch exemplifies why I don't like this approach:

@@ -97,6 +97,7 @@ enum lockdown_reason {

--- a/security/lockdown/lockdown.c
+++ b/security/lockdown/lockdown.c
@@ -33,6 +33,7 @@ static char *lockdown_reasons[LOCKDOWN_CONFIDENTIALITY_MAX+1] = {
[LOCKDOWN_KCORE] = "/proc/kcore access",
[LOCKDOWN_KPROBES] = "use of kprobes",
+ [LOCKDOWN_BPF] = "use of bpf",

The text here says "use of bpf", but what this patch is *really* doing
is locking down use of BPF to read kernel memory. If the details
change, then every LSM needs to get updated, and we risk breaking user
policies that are based on LSMs that offer excessively fine

Can you give an example of how the details might change?

I'd be more comfortable if the LSM only got to see "confidentiality"
or "integrity".

These are not sufficient for creating a useful policy for the SELinux

I may have misunderstood, but I thought that SELinux mainly needed to allow certain privileged programs to bypass the policy. Is there a real example of what SELinux wants to do that canât be done in the simplified model?

The think that specifically makes me uneasy about exposing all of these precise actions to LSMs is that they will get exposed to userspace in a way that forces us to treat them as stable ABIs.

There are two scenarios where finer-grained distinctions make sense:

- Users may need to enable specific functionality that falls under the umbrella of "confidentiality" or "integrity" lockdown. Finer-grained lockdown reasons free them from having to make an all-or-nothing choice between lost functionality or no lockdown at all. This can be supported directly by the lockdown module without any help from SELinux or other security modules; we just need the ability to specify these finer-grained lockdown levels via the boot parameters and securityfs nodes.

- Different processes/programs may need to use different sets of functionality restricted via lockdown confidentiality or integrity categories. If we have to allow all-or-none for the set of interfaces/functionality covered by the generic confidentiality or integrity categories, then we'll end up having to choose between lost functionality or overprivileged processes, neither of which is optimal.

Is it truly the case that everything under the "confidentiality" category poses the same level of risk to kernel confidentiality, and similarly for everything under the "integrity" category? If not, then being able to distinguish them definitely has benefit.

I'm still not clear though on how/if this will compose with or be overridden by other security modules. We would need some means for another security module to take over lockdown decisions once it has initialized (including policy load), and to be able to access state that is currently private to the lockdown module, like the level.